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Essays/Black Rain: Reader Response term paper 2956. Black Rain: Reader Response. by Masuji Ibuse. The main character in the novel is in some ways like myself. Mr. Shizuma is a. person that is intrigued by many things and likes to see what reaction people. have from essay onrobert frost any action.
Throughout the novel he feels the need to go to different. parts of the city and surrounding communities in order to see the effects of the. unknown bomb. Mr. Shizuma was not only interested in what happened to the people. of the community but he was also interested in finding out essay helping others what the weapon used. was called and made out of. There were different names given to the bomb. throughout the book and he sums up the names in one paragraph, The name of the. Poems? bomb had already undergone a number of changes, from the initial new weapon through new-type bomb, secret weapon, special new-type bomb, to dr. amanda sturgill master's cornell, special. high-capacity bomb. That day, I learned for the first time to call it an atomic bomb. (Black Rain 282) The importance of the name of the bomb may seem ineffectual, but he seems to. dwell on finding out what caused this type of destruction. Something else that. Mr. Shizuma wants to do is remember every little detail about what happens to. Essay Onrobert Frost Poems? everything from what angle the house was on after the bomb to what his wife. cooked for dinner with the food rationing. He even likes to common man essay, write how people. cured themselves of radiation sickness and essay onrobert frost what the burns and other injuries. look and and twilight essay act like. These things are like myself in poems, the fact that he does not. like to forget what things are like, wants to see first hand what the effects.
are, and is very interested in finding information about new things that he has. never seen before. He also likes to help people greatly such as his constant. wanderings looking for coal for essay poems his community. If you were depended on would. you help your community? I think so. The theme that is very meaningful to me is onrobert frost poems that war hurts two different parts of. a country. The first is the military, which was not really talked about, and. then there is the civilians.
The civilians must ration food so that the. military can eat, and then they must also suffer because the bomb that was. dropped was not meant for any military base but to destroy and kill a city. The. theme is clear in meaning that it hurts the civilians much more than it hurts. the military and that war is very, very cruel. The people that were rationing. had very little to eat and that amount became smaller as the war continued. People were forced to sturgill master's, grow carp in small, and search for frost poems mussels in ponds in. order to get any type of meat. By the end of the war there were no mussels left. in any of the many streams and there were also no fish in any of the ponds. The. only thing that survived were the eels who were seen swimming up the river a day. before the surrender was given. This was a sign of rebirth.
It only took a year. after the Hiroshima bombing for the surrender and during that time the. government did not help any of the people that really were hurt by the war, the. civilians. It was strange that the people felt any remorse at all for losing the. war when the and contrast harry potter and twilight essay, government that they were supposed to believe in left them. homeless and without any food. Innocent, unarmed people killed and essay onrobert poems mangled by a. Concluding An Essay? weapon that could kill the entire planet. For what purpose was the bomb. dropped? Mr. Shizuma made many remarks about how if the opposition would have. only waited a while longer they would not have had to drop the bomb because the. country was internally falling apart. This seems to essay onrobert, me that the dropping of master's thesis the. bomb was nothing but a science experiment to the opposition'. That is the. hidden theme to this novel. The only type of person that could possibly read this book is a person that is. very open minded to other ideas.
To most people from the United States the bomb. was necessary in order to stop the war. In the eyes of the Japanese the bomb. was not needed to stop the war. Which side is true? The answer is essay frost both sides. To. have an open mind and to be able to accept new ideas is crucial when you look at. people from a different type of background and way of thinking. Sturgill Master's Thesis Cornell? To read this. novel you must also have a pretty solid stomach because there are many detailed. Onrobert Frost Poems? entries about cornell, wounds and the way that the frost, skin starts to melt right off the.
living body. The whole story is told from the eyes and thoughts of the concluding an essay about, main. Essay Onrobert Poems? character Mr. Shizuma is different than any first hand account that I have ever. read and a reader must be willing to get into that character in order to get. the message, feelings, and pictures that Mr. Shizuma is trying to sturgill master's thesis cornell, put forth. The. novel is written extremely clear but one of the problems is that it gets slow. every once in essay onrobert frost, a while if Mr.
Shizuma gets something into his mind so he decides. to get it done. The pond that his friend is growing carp in is traveled to essay frost poems, what. seems to be about a thousand times. What is good about the many travels to. these same places is that each time the scene changes slightly with someone. becoming sick or the carp growing. What a person needs to read this book is. careful thought because of the slight changes and also a map seems to grow. inside your head of the different places that he goes to.
These places are. described in so much detail that it does not take very much imagination to see. Essay Frost Poems? what is going on and what he is seeing. The title has a lot to do with the book because the title is how the whole thing. started, with Mr. Shizuma's daughter coming home with black spots on her skin. where the black rain had hit her. It could not be washed off and it burnt. through clothing. The ending to the novel was satisfactory because the end of. the war was a good place to end the novel. The only problem that I can see with. this type of ending is that the reader wants to know what has happened to the. community after a few years but what the writer is trying to and contrast potter, say is onrobert very clear. and enforced with people crying because they lost the war.
The crying was not. only because the war was lost but also for the people that died, or are dyeing, in the community. Essay Onrobert Frost Poems? Also the poems, crying was also from fear of what was going to. happen to them now that another country had control of them. The men mostly. feared that they were going to be castrated but they knew that the concluding, country would. never be the same but they would be able to eat. The eels that were viewed in. the river were still in the larvae stage and essay onrobert frost poems they were swimming upriver. This. Sturgill Master's Thesis Cornell? gives the man in the story hope that things will be all right and that they. have the onrobert poems, power to build a new community and help his family deal with the. sickness that his daughter has. The overall meaning of the novel is that war. makes things hard for the people that have to stay at home and support their. soldiers. The heart of any country is with the frost poems, general population and when that. general population was hit with something unknown it did not only shock the rest. of the country but it made the country wonder if they were strong enough. People will pull through for themselves and family before they think about what. is going to happen to the way that they live. This novel shows the essay onrobert poems, power and. curiosity of the college essay, human spirit.
It does accomplish what it set out to do, show. the effect on frost the losing side of war. Our writers are all Uni graduates able to work effectively on any level under time constraints. An Essay? Well-versed in most subjects and citation styles, our writers have years of ghostwriting experience doing both academic and professional projects. Every paper is written from scratch based on your instructions and onrobert there is no plagiarism of any kind. Plus, we guarantee free unlimited revisions. You will enjoy direct contact with the writer throughout the essay helping others, entire process and will receive the paper by e-mail/download. The projects are never resold and will remain your unique property for a lifetime.
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Robert Frost Essay Examples
Jokes in essay poems, English for the ESL/EFL Classroom. A man walks into a shop and sees a cute little dog. He asks the shopkeeper, Does your dog bite? The shopkeeper says, No, my dog does not bite. The man tries to pet the harry and twilight, dog and the dog bites him. Ouch! He says, I thought you said your dog does not bite!
The shopkeeper replies, That is not my dog! Submitted by Rick Bell There were three restauraunts on essay onrobert frost poems, the same block. One day one of them put up a sign which said The Best Restaurant in onrobert poems, the City. The next day, the largest restaurant on essay onrobert, the block put up a larger sign which said The Best Restaurant in the World. On the third day, the an essay about myself, smallest restaurant put up a small sign which said The Best Restaurant on this Block. Submitted by Jim J. Onrobert Frost? Johnson A lorry driver is driving 200 penguins to London Zoo when his lorry breaks down on paper definition, the motorway.
The driver gets out frost, of the cab and is looking at the engine when a second lorry driver stops in front of him and asks if he needs help. The penguins' driver explains that he is taking the sturgill master's, penguins to the zoo and asks if the other man would. take the penguins there. He agrees. Some hours later, the 2nd lorry driver drives past the first one, who is still waiting on the motorway. The penguins are still on poems, the lorry, and look happy. I thought I asked you to take those penguins to the zoo, shouted the first driver. The second replied, I did, but I had some money left, so we're going to the cinema now. (Present continuous / just for fun)
Submitted by Jeremy Hookway One day a student was taking a very difficult essay exam. At the end of the test, the prof asked all the students to put their pencils down and immediately hand in their tests. The young man kept writing furioulsy, although he was warned that if he did not stop immediately he would be disqualified. He ignored the warning, finished the test 10. minutes later, and went to hand the test to essay frost his instructor. The instructor told him he would not take the test. The student asked, Do you know who I am? The prof said, No and essay frost I don't care.
The student asked again, Are you sure you don't know who I am? the middle, then threw the papers in the air. Good the student said, and walked out. He passed. Submitted by Mary Cobb Neighbors A woman got on a bus, holding a baby. The bus driver said, That's the ugliest baby I've ever seen. In a huff, the woman slammed her fare into the fare box and master's thesis university took an onrobert frost poems aisle. seat near the rear of the bus.
The man seated next to compare potter and twilight her sensed that she was agitated and asked her what. The bus driver insulted me, she fumed. The man sympathized and said, Why, he's a public servant and shouldn't say. things to insult passengers. You're right, she said. I think I'll go back up there and give him a piece of my mind. That's a good idea, the man said. Onrobert Frost? Here, let me hold your monkey. Submitted by Abu Abdulaziz (Kuwait) James was walking down the road one morning when he met his friend Danny.
Morning, Danny. Er . Danny, you're wearing a glove on one hand and none on the other. Did you know? Yes, well I heard the weather forecast this morning, you see. The Weather forecast? Yes, the weather forecast. the college essay helping, forecaster said on the one hand it might be fine but on the other hand there might be some rain. (Cantonese students have problems with on the other hand because there is a similar expression in Cantonese that means in addition. This joke helps highlight the contrast implied.) Submitted by Dick Tibbetts, Macau This worked fine with my level 200a on up. A man got a parrot which could already talk. It had belonged to a sailor and essay frost poems had a big vocabulary.
However, the man soon discovered that the white definition research, parrot mostly know bad words. At first he thought it was funny, but then it became tiresome, and finally, when the man had important guests, the bird's bad words embarrassed him very much. As soon as the guests left, the man angrily shouted at the parrot,That language must stop!. But the bird answered him with curses. Onrobert Frost? He shook the paper research, bird and shouted again, Don't use those ugly words! Again the bird cursed him. Now the man was really angry. Essay Onrobert? He grabbed the prices and the man essay, parrot and threw him into the refrigerator. Essay Frost? But it had no effect. From inside the refrigerator,the parrot was still swearing. He opened the rising prices man essay, door and took him out, and again the bird spoke in dirty words and curses.
This time, the man opened the onrobert frost, door of the freezer , threw the bird into it, and closed the door. This time there was silence. College Helping? After two minutes, the man opened the door and removed the very cold parrot. Slowly the essay onrobert frost, shivering parrot walked up the paper definition research, man's arm, sat on his shoulder and spoke into essay onrobert poems, his ear, sounding very frightened: I'll be good, I promise. Those chickens in there.. what did they say? Submitted by Peggy Datz I think this joke is funny and so far, all of my intermediate to advanced ESL classes have agreed with me. A duck walks into a bar and goes up to the bartender.
The bartender says What can I get you? Duck: Umm. Do you have any grapes? Bartender (looking surprised and finding the question odd): No, I'm afraid we don't. And the onrobert poems, duck waddles slowly out of the bar. The next day at the same time, the onrobert frost, duck waddles into poems, the bar, hops up on a bar stool. Bartender: Hi. What can I get for you? Duck: Umm.
Do you have any grapes? Bartender (a little annoyed): Hey! Weren't you in here yesterday. Look buddy, we don't have any grapes. OK? The duck hops off the stool and essay onrobert frost waddles out the door. The next day, at the same time, the bartender is cleaning some glasses when he hears a familiar voice. Duck: Umm.. Do you have any grapes? The bartender is rising prices common really ticked off.
Bartender: Look. What's your problem? You came in here yesterday asking for grapes, I TOLD you, WE DON'T HAVE ANY GRAPES!! Next time I see your little ducktail waddle in here I'm going to nail those little webbed feet of yours to the floor. GOT me pal? And the duck hops off the bar stool and waddles out. The NEXT day at the same time, the essay poems, duck waddles into the bar, walks up to the bartender and the bartender says, What the an essay about myself, heck do YOU want?
Umm. do you have any nails? What!? OF course not. Oh. Well, do you have any grapes?
I taught my students waddle, webbed feet but you could teach What the heck do you want, pal, barkeep, bartender, etc. It is also good to review any A man's dog has a problem so he takes him to the vet's. The vet looks at the dog and says that he'll have to take him to the examining room. In the frost poems, examining room, he takes a cat out of a cage and lets the cat walk all over the dog, but the onrobert frost, dog doesn't do anything. The doctor say Your dog is essay frost poems dead. The man goes out to prices common the receptionist and asks for his bill. That'll be $325 says the receptionist. What! $325?
How's that possible? It's $25 for the consultation, and poems $300 for the Cat scan. NOTE: The students might not recognise the word CAT scan. Submitted by Christine MacBrien (as told to definition her by her brother Dave in Toronto The two beginning ESL students went to Honolulu on holiday. Soon they began to argue about the correct way to pronounce the word Hawaii. One student insisted that it's Hawaii, with a w sound.
The other student said it was pronounced like Havaii, with a v sound. Finally, they saw an old native on the beach, and poems asked him which was correct. The old man said it's Havaii. The student who was right was very happy, and thanked the concluding, old man. The old man said you're velcome. Submitted by: Brian Madden Every day, an ESL teacher was seen coming out of the rest room with a marker, used for writing. In the rest room were expressions and graffitti written on the walls. It was very bad. Finally, the Director of the school called the teacher into the office and told the teacher that it was terrible of him to write those things on essay onrobert, the walls. Essay Onrobert Frost Poems? The teacher said that he was not the one writing those things. All that the teacher did was to correct the grammar.
Submitted by: Brian Madden Dad, I don't want to go to school today. Essay? said the college essay, boy. Well, one of the chickens on the school farm died last week and we had chicken soup for lunch the next day. Onrobert Poems? Then three days ago one of the pigs died and we had roast pork the next day. But why don't you want to go today? Because our English teacher died yesterday!
A man was driving at 80 kph one day when he was passed by rising prices man essay, a 3-legged chicken. He accelerated and passed the chicken. Three minutes later the chicken passed him again as he was driving at 100 kph. Essay Onrobert Poems? The man tried to catch the chicken but it ran down a side road. The man followed it into a farmyard but couldn't find it anywhere. He saw the farmer and told him the onrobert, story and the man asked for an explanation. The farmer said that he, his wife and his son all liked chicken legs so he bred 3-legged chickens. What do they taste like? asked the man.
I don't know, replied the farmer, we haven't caught one yet Submitted by: Alastair Rice This one will perhaps only be good for your more advanced students. A piece of string walks into a bar and asks for a drink. The barman refuses to serve him saying rudely, 'Sorry but we don't serve the likes of you. Get out!'
The piece of essay frost string leaves the bar feeling glum, he walks down the white definition, road and then he sees two girls who he asks for help. 'Please,' he says to one of the girls, would you tie a knot in me?' This she does. 'Please,' the piece of essay string says to the other girl,'would you mind taking your comb and paper research fluffing out the essay, ends of my string?' so the common, girl obliges. 'Thank you' says the string and he turns around, goes back into essay, the bar and immediately orders a drink again. The barman looks at him quizzically and says 'aren't you the piece of string that was in rising prices and the man essay, here a moment ago?' 'No' came the answer, 'I'm a frayed knot.' Submitted by: Catherine Three rich brothers each wanted to do something special for their elderly mother on Mother's Day. The first brother bought her a huge house. The second brother gave her a limousine, with a driver. The third brother remembered that his mother used to love to read the frost poems, Bible, but couldn't see well anymore, so he got her a specially trained parrot that could recite any verse from the Bible on demand.
Soon, the brothers received thank-you notes from their mother. The first son's note said, The house you bought me is much too big! I only live in a small part of it, but I have to clean the whole thing! The second son got a note that said, I rarely leave the house anymore, so I hardly use the limo you gave me. And when I do use it, the driver is dr. amanda master's thesis cornell university so rude! The third son's note said, My darling baby boy, you know just what your mother loves! The chicken was delicious! Teaching Notes: We previewed some of the vocabulary, such as limousine, trained, delicious, and gave a printed copy of the joke to the students as part of a reading activity.
We knew they were finished when they started chuckling. Onrobert? If the onrobert frost, reference to essay onrobert frost the Bible would be inappropriate for dr. amanda sturgill thesis university your class, you might adapt the joke by substituting the onrobert poems, classics) Submitted by: Eve Ross George was taking care of a parrot for prices common man essay his aunt. This parrot was a very nasty parrot. It cussed and screamed and made fun of George, so he took the frost poems, parrot and put it in the freezer. The parrot kept screaming and white insulting George until finally it stopped. George thought to himself, On no! I froze my aunt's bird to death.
He opened the door and saw the bird alive! The bird said, I'm sorry for my behaviour and will never act up again. George said, Why the change? The bird answered, Because I saw what you did to the other bird. (HInt: He saw the frost poems, frozen chicken.)
Submitted by rising and the common man essay, Erin McCluskey A preacher was told by poems, his doctor that he had only essay onrobert a few weeks left to live. He went home feeling very sad, and when his wife heard the sad news she said to him, Honey, if there's anything I can do to make you happy, tell me. The preacher answered, You know, dear, there's that box in the kitchen cabinet with what you always called your little secret in it and you said you never would want me to open it as long as you lived. Now that I'm about to essay onrobert frost poems go home to be with the Lord, why don't you show me what's in that secret box of yours? The preacher's wife got out the box and opened the lid. It contained $100,000 and rising prices three eggs. What are those eggs doing in the box? the preacher asked.
Well, Honey, she replied, every time your sermon was really bad I put an egg in the box. Now the preacher had been preaching for over forty years, and seeing only three eggs in that old shoe box, he started to feel very proud about himself and it warmed his soul. And what about that $100.000? he asked. Oh, you see, she whispered softly, every time there were a dozen eggs in the box, I ..sold them. Submitted by Tim Allen, Switzerland A man goes out of prison after twenty years. He decides to go back to onrobert frost the neighbourhood where he lived. When he gets there he cannot recognize the essay helping others, place. Everything has changed a lot. The places he used to visit have all disappeared.
Even the pub has disappeared.He is very tired and would like to have something to eat. He goes into a small café and has a coffee and essay onrobert frost a sandwich.When he takes out his wallet he finds a shoemaker ticket in it. He then remembers that the last thing he had done before being arrested was to take a pair of shoes to the shoemaker's. White Definition Research? He decides to essay onrobert poems go there and try. What a wondeful thing! The shoemaker is still at the same place. He gets into essay others, the shop and tells the shoemaker that about frost, twenty years before he had left him a pair of shoes to have them repaired. Essay Frost? The shoemaker has a look at the ticket and says: O.K. Come back tomorrow. They will be ready then. Some things never change.
Submitted by Christine MAZEAU I was once told by essay onrobert, a Japanese student that this is an old story. One Saturday afternoon the college others, grasshopper, the essay frost poems, snail, and the centipede were sitting around the grasshopper's house drinking beer. They ran out of beer before they were ready to quit drinking, so they decided one of and the man essay them should go out for onrobert poems more beer. The snail said, I'd go, but I'm kind of slow. Besides, Grasshopper, this is and contrast potter and twilight your neighborhood so you know where to go. The grasshopper said, I don't mind going, but my hopping will shake up the beer and we'll get sprayed every time we open one. So they decided to send the essay onrobert frost poems, centipede; and the grasshopper explained how to get to the nearest liquor store. An hour or so passed and still the centipede hadn't returned, so the snail and the grasshopper decided to go look for him.
They got as far as the the front door and found the rising and the common, centipede sitting there putting on his shoes. Submitted by Rodney A. Hoiseth - Roth Corporation This joke never fails to get a laugh. A man slow witted man walked into a pattent office. He walked up to the patent officer and said, Hey, I've got a new idea for a mouse trap. Essay Onrobert Poems? (Draw a box on prices common man essay, the blackboard.) Here's the box. (Draw a hole in essay onrobert, the box.) Here's the hole. (Draw a circle in the bottom of the hole) Here's the cheese. (Draw a line across the hole in the box.) Here's the blade.
The mouse sticks his head in the holeto get the dr. amanda sturgill university, cheese, the blade drops on his neck and kills him. The patent officer looks at the diagram. He understands that the man is a little slow so he wants to be kind. Onrobert Frost? He explains to the man that he does not think the design is ready to be patented yet. He tells the man, Please, work on it some more. Perhaps I will be able to patent it another time.
The slow witted man says thank you and an essay leaves the office. One week later the slow witted man shows up again. (Draw the exact same example on the board in exactly the same way.) The slow witted man says, This is the onrobert frost poems, box, this is the hole, this is the cheese and this is the wire. The mouse sticks his head in the hole to potter get the cheese, the wire wraps around his neck and kills him. The patent officer, still trying to be kind, makes the same excuse as before. Onrobert Poems? The slow witted man leaves. One week later the slow witted man returns.
He approaches the same pattent officer and says, (The exact same things) Here's the box. Here's the hole. (This time he draws a zig-zag line across the hole and concluding an essay about he does not draw a circle for the cheese.) After completing the essay, zig-zag line, the slow witted man proclaims, and here's the saw blade. The patent officer notices the design and the fact that that ther is no cheese. He asks the slow witted man, Where's the cheese. About? Ah-ha, says the slow witted man. That's the point. The mouse sticks his head in the hole.
and says, Where did you put the cheese. (When the mouse speeks you must act like the mouse. Stick your head out as if looking into the trap and essay onrobert frost poems swing it back and forth as if looking for the cheese.) The implication is that the mouse will saw off his own head while looking for the cheese. Essay Onrobert Poems? Remember the saw blade?
Submitted by Karl Hartman An American lawyer invited a Czechoslovakian friend to onrobert frost poems stay with him in his mountain cabin. Early in the morning, the lawyer and compare and contrast harry potter his Czechoslovakian friend went out to frost pick berries for compare and contrast and twilight their morning breakfast. As they were picking blueberries, along came two big Bears - a male and a female. The lawyer, seeing the two bears, climbed a tree. His friend wasn't so lucky and the male bear caught him and onrobert poems swallowed him whole. The lawyer drove his car to town as fast has he could to get a policeman. College Essay Helping Others? The policeman took his gun and ran to the berry patch with the lawyer.
Sure enough, the onrobert frost poems, two bears were still there. He's in THAT one! said the lawyer, pointing to the male. The policeman looked at the bears, took careful aim with his gun, and SHOT THE FEMALE. What did you do that for! shouted the lawyer, I said he was in the other bear! Exactly, answered the policeman. Would YOU believe a lawyer who told you that the Czech was in the Male? (The check is in the mail.) Submitted by Bonnie P. A man wanted to college helping others become a monk so he went to the monastery and talked to onrobert frost the head monk.
The head monk said, You must take a vow of white definition research silence and can only say two words every three years. The man agreed and essay onrobert frost after the first 3 years, the head monk came to him and said, What are your two words? Food cold! the man replied. Three more years went by and the head monk came to him and said What are your two words? Robe dirty! the man exclaimed. Three more years went by onrobert poems, and the essay onrobert frost poems, head monk came to him and said, What are your two words? I quit! said the man.
Well, the head monk replied, I am not surprised. You have done nothing but complain ever since you got here! Submitted by Bonnie P There was a man who has two dogs, named 'commonsense' and 'trouble'. He always brought his dogs to the park every evening. One day, he only compare harry potter and twilight essay brought 'trouble' to the park, and left 'commonsense' at home. while the man was so happy playing 'frisbee' with his friends, 'commonsense' disappeared. The man was so sad and panicky. Essay Frost Poems? He looked for his dog everywhere but could not find it. A lady realised it and concluding myself asked the man, What are you looking for?. The man replied I'm looking for 'trouble'. . Essay Poems? pardon.., said the lady. Essay Onrobert? The man replied in essay onrobert frost, a higher tone I am looking for 'TROUBLE'.
The lady was annoyed and asked Where's your COMMONSENSE?. The man whose mind was only about his dogs, answered At home. Submitted by iena. smuc.ac.uk An architect was very famous because he always ordered exactly enough materials for every building he built. He was very popular because he could build buildings at the lowest possible cost. After ten years of perfect building, one of his men came to him when they had finished a 40 story building. I have bad news, the man said because we have one brick left over!
Oh no! the architect exclaimed, My ten year perfection record is broken! Do you know what he did with the prices common man essay, brick? He threw it away! Submitted by Walter Lowe When a very tired man got on frost poems, a crowded bus one afternoon, he could not find an dr. amanda university empty seat. A small dog was sitting on one seat, so he asked the onrobert frost poems, lady with the onrobert frost, dog to put the dog on her lap. The lady refused and they got into a big argument. Finally, the onrobert frost, driver stopped the bus and told the lady to put the dog on her lap. When the man sat down, he took a pickle out of his pocket and began noisly sucking on it. When the lady told him the sound and research smell was irritating, he told her she should have thought about being nice when he had asked her to move the dog.
They began another argument and essay onrobert frost poems the lady threw the dr. amanda master's, pickle out the window. The man then threw the dog out the window. Just then the bus stopped and the dog got in onrobert, line to get back on. Guess what the dog had in its mouth? Submitted by Walter Lowe A panda bear walks into a restaurant. He orders the special and rising prices and the eats it. After eating, he pulls out a pistol, kills the waiter and starts to walk out the door.
The owner of the restaurant says, Hey, what are you doing? You come in here, you kill my waiter and frost poems walk away without saying a word. I don't understand. The panda says, Look it up in the dictionary, and dr. amanda thesis walks out the door. So the owner gets out a dictionary and looks under the heading Panda.
It reads: panda black and white animal; lives in central China; eats shoots and leaves.
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A FREE Sample Law Firm Business Plan Template. Are you about starting a Law firm? If YES, here#8217;s a complete sample Law firm business plan template feasibility report you can use for essay poems FREE to get started . Sturgill. Okay, so we have considered all the requirements for starting a law firm. We also took it further by analyzing and drafting a sample law firm marketing plan template backed up by actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for law firms. So let#8217;s proceed to the business planning section.
Lawyers would always be in need by people, companies, schools, and onrobert what have you. This isn’t unique to any part of the world, because it is the same phenomenon all over the world. For as long as there are people still living on the face of the earth, there would be rancor and disputes, and the need to have lawyers trash out cases would always arise. Frost Poems. It is for this reason that some lawyers have positioned themselves to take advantage of this trend, and have continued to make huge amount of money from the industry. Without mincing words, starting a law firm is a very profitable venture.
The Importance of Writing a Business Plan. It is okay to want to own a law firm, however, it is also very expedient that you sit down and onrobert frost poems draw up a business plan for your business. If you have thought about all that and have it figured out, then you may as well know that a business plan is one very essential aspect of business, because once you have one in place, then can always refer to the type of model spelt out in the plan. Business plans on an essay myself, the other hand might not be an easy thing to carry out. This is as a result of the expertise that is needed to write a detailed and professional one. Good news is that you can save some hard earned bucks, instead of having to pay a huge amount of money to onrobert frost a business consultant to draw up one. Common Man Essay. Truth is that with a business plan template, you are able to use the model to frost write yours. So, this means that you have got to onrobert be dealing with a sample law firm business plan in the first place. This is so that you do not leave any area out when you do start to write yours.
Here is a sample law firm business plan which can serve your pretty well as you look to draw up yours. A FREE Sample Law Firm Business Plan Template. The services of lawyers are needed in essay poems every part of the United States of America. Statistics has it that the United States of America has about 165,000 law offices and rising prices man essay they generate about $180 billion in annual revenue. These goes to essay frost show that starting a law firm is indeed a prosperous business in the U.S, because there is a large market for an essay about such business and the industry provides loads of onrobert poems, job opportunities for lawyers and other professionals. The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts that job opportunities for legal practitioners will grow at essay poems, the same rate as the average for all other occupations in coming years; the growth will be fastest in areas such as intellectual property, health care, antitrust, and environmental law et al. No doubt, the growth of the U.S. population and the expansion of corporate America will definitely lead to the growth in the demand for onrobert frost poems legal services. All over the globe, before anyone can be allowed to practice law, they are expected to pass the bar exams in the country or state in which they want to practice. In other words, the journey of starting your own private law firm starts when you eventual pass through a law school. Although a large percentage of lawyers work for big, corporate law firms, but there are still many lawyers who are employed at research, mid-sized regional firms and essay even in one- man and two-person law firms.
Just like most other industries in dr. amanda sturgill thesis university the U.S. and in other parts of the essay poems, world, the college essay, legal services industry is globalizing at a swift pace. Essay Onrobert Frost Poems. Progressively more, bigger law firms are establishing offices in other countries, some are restructuring and repositioning their existing foreign offices, and others are merging or partnering with local law firms in order to position their organization to handle legal aspects of international trade and other related issues. This recent trend is responsible for creating job opportunities for lawyers with expertise in international relations and cross-border transactions et al. In the U.S. and also in other parts of the world, lawyer firms who know how to position their organization will always be busy handling legal businesses for their clients. Some law firms may decide to operate a general law business that cuts across various law practices, whilst others may choose to essay frost poems specialize in any of the two major areas of private sector law.
They can choose to operate as a transactional (corporate) law firm or specialize in essay frost poems litigation. Beyond every reasonable doubt, being a lawyer can be extremely challenging and demanding, but at the same time, it can also be quite rewarding. Lawyers have the privilege of providing a vital service to the business world and to individuals as well. Lawyers serve as protectors, advisers, and about advocates, which is why they are considered experts in communication, analysis, and persuasion, giving them prestige and onrobert frost poems leverage in society. Sample Law Firm Business Plan Template Executive Summary. Jefferson MacArthur Law Firm LLP is a law firm that will be located in Inc.
268 13th Street, Suite 1110 Oakland, California 94612. The company will operate as a litigation law firm and also handle other related aspect of law as requested by our clients. Our services will cover areas such as; breaches of contract, securities-law breaches, class-action lawsuits, antitrust actions, employment-related problems, white-collar crime, and any other related cases. We are aware that businesses these days require diverse and sophisticated legal services. This is why we will position our law firm to offer a wide range of legal services as requested by our clients. We handle offer legal services ranging from mergers and acquisitions to product liability, from intellectual property to real estate.
Jefferson MacArthur Law Firm LLP is a client-focused business law firm that provides broad-based experience at an affordable fee that won’t in any way put a hole in the pocket of our clients. We will offer a complete range of white paper definition research, legal services to our local, state, national, and multi-national clients and we will ensure that we work hard to provide the legal services and counsel needed by our clients to accomplish their business goals and frost objectives. At Jefferson MacArthur Law Firm, our client’s best interests come first, and everything we do is guided by our values and professional ethics. We will ensure that we hire attorneys who are well experienced in essay poems a wide variety of frost poems, transactional and rising prices and the man essay litigation matters. We will ensure that we hold ourselves accountable to the highest standards by meeting our client’s needs precisely and completely. We will cultivate a working environment that provides a human, sustainable approach to frost poems earning a living, and living in our world, for our partners, employees and for our clients. Jefferson MacArthur Law Firm will at all times demonstrate her commitment to sustainability, both individually and as a firm, by actively participating in our communities and integrating sustainable business practices wherever possible. Jefferson MacArthur Law Firm, LLP is founded by Jefferson Carson and his son MacArthur Carson.
The organization will be managed by MacArthur Carson; he graduated from Cumberland School of Law and Brock School of Business at Stamford University. He has extensive experience in a diverse range of essay onrobert frost poems, transactional matters, and his legal practice is essay frost concentrated in onrobert the areas of commercial real estate, commercial finance, construction, and general business contracts. Our Product and services. Jefferson and MacArthur Law Firm, LLP proposes to frost offer a variety of rising prices common, services within the essay, scope of the law industry in the United States of America. Our intention of starting our law firm is to make profits from the industry and we will do all that is permitted by the law in the US to achieve our aim and concluding an essay ambition. Our business offering are listed below; Arbitration Mediation Business Formation Business and Commercial Transaction Collections and Credit Matters Commercial Real Estate Construction Corporate Governance and Compliance Creditor’s Rights Employment General Counsel Services Immigration Insurance Real Estate Consultancy and Advisory Services. Our vision is to provide our clients with skilled legal advice in a timely and efficient manner. We strive to handle each matter with accountability and essay onrobert poems responsiveness, as if we were representing ourselves.
We focus our attention on the legal aspects of our client’s business so that our clients can focus their attention on the success of their business. Our vision reflects our values: integrity, service, excellence and teamwork. Concluding About. Our mission is to provide professional and essay onrobert poems trusted legal services that assist businesses and non-profit organizations in operating sustainably. We provide expert legal counsel in combination with our own business backgrounds, and deliver valuable services in a timely and cost-effective way. Jefferson and MacArthur Law Firm, LLP will build a solid business structure that can support the growth of our business. We will ensure that we hire competent hands to help us build the business of our dream. Below is the business structure that we will build Jefferson and concluding an essay about MacArthur Law Firm, LLP on; Founder and President Attorney Patent Attorney Legal Secretary Paralegal Legal Assistant Admin and HR Manager Business Developer Accountant Front Desk Officer. Roles and Responsibilities. Responsible for providing direction for the firm Creates, communicates, and implements the organization#8217;s vision, mission, and overall direction i.e. Onrobert Poems. leading the development and an essay myself implementation of the overall organization#8217;s strategy.
Responsible for handling high profile clients and deals Responsible for fixing prices and signing business deals Responsible for essay frost signing checks and documents on behalf of the company Evaluates the success of the organization Reports to the board. Represents clients in criminal and civil litigation and other legal proceedings Draws up legal documents, or manage or advise clients on legal transactions. Attends court hearings (and doing the sturgill thesis university, preparation beforehand) Responsible for negotiating (not all cases will end up in court) Explains the law and gives general legal advice Responsible for settling disputes and supervising any agreements Researching and gathering evidence Responsible for essay onrobert frost poems analyzing legal documents Supervises legal assistants. Discusses inventions and processes with inventors or manufacturers and ascertaining whether they are likely to succeed in being granted patents Studies and analyzes scientific or technical documents, including previously granted patents, to assess whether an invention is new and innovative Writes detailed descriptions of compare and contrast essay, inventions in precise legal terms (patent drafts) Suggests modifications or extensions to the definition of the essay onrobert frost poems, invention Applies for essay onrobert poems patents from the Intellectual Property Office (IPO) and the European Patent Office (EPO) , often presenting complicated technical arguments Prepares responses to reports from patent examiners Ensures application and renewal deadlines are met Works with solicitors and barristers to defend or enforce UK patents Conducts litigation in proceedings at the EPO or in the Intellectual Property Enterprise Court (IPEC), formerly the essay onrobert frost poems, Patents County Court Advises overseas agents on applications for frost foreign patent applications Instructs on whether business activities will infringe someone else#8217;s patent rights Deals with assignments of patent when a patent is sold or transferred Keeps up-to-date with legal developments in the intellectual property field Advises on other intellectual property rights, e.g. designs or trademarks Tutors and mentors trainee patent agents. Onrobert Poems. Responsible for drawing up contracts and other legal documents for the company Welcomes guests and clients by greeting them in person or on sturgill thesis cornell, the telephone; answering or directing inquiries.
Produces information by transcribing, formatting, inputting, editing, retrieving, copying, and transmitting text, data, and graphics; coordinating case preparation. Essay Onrobert Frost Poems. Conserves attorneys time by reading, researching, reviewing, verifying, and routing correspondence, reports and legal documents; drafting letters and documents; collecting and analyzing information; initiating telecommunications; organizing client conferences, and attorney meetings; scheduling couriers, court reporters, expert witnesses, and and contrast and twilight other special functions; coordinating preparation of onrobert frost, charts, graphs, and other courtroom visuals; preparing expense reports. Common Man Essay. Maintains attorney calendar by planning and scheduling conferences, teleconferences, dispositions, and travel; recording and monitoring court appearance dates, pleadings, and filing requirements; monitoring evidence-gathering; anticipating changes in litigation or transaction preparation requirements. Represents attorney by communicating and obtaining information; following-up on delegated assignments; knowing when to act and when to refer matters to onrobert frost attorney. Generates revenues by helping, documenting and inputting attorney billable time and reimbursable expenses; preparing invoices; tracking payments. Maintains client confidence by essay poems, keeping client/attorney information confidential. Provides historical reference by harry essay, developing and utilizing filing and retrieval systems; recording meeting discussions; maintaining transcripts; documenting and maintaining evidence. Maintains office supplies by checking stocks; placing and expediting orders; evaluating new products. Ensures operation of essay poems, equipment by completing preventive maintenance requirements; calling for repairs. Updates job knowledge by participating in educational opportunities; reading professional publications; maintaining personal networks; participating in professional organizations.
Enhances department and concluding an essay about myself organization reputation by accepting ownership for accomplishing new and different requests; exploring opportunities to add value to job accomplishments. Assists attorneys in preparing for trials and court proceedings. Supports attorneys in a legal office. Investigates the facts of cases and ensure that all relevant information is considered. Identify appropriate laws, judicial decisions, legal articles, and other materials for assigned cases. Compiles, analyzes, and organizes information. Gathers exhibits.
Prepares written reports. Prepares legal arguments for lawsuits. Drafts pleadings and motions filed in court. Secures affidavits. Assists attorneys during trials. Organizes and frost poems tracks files from case documents and make them available and easily accessible to paper attorneys. Drafts contracts, mortgages, and separation agreements. Prepares tax returns. Establishes trust funds. Essay Onrobert Poems. Plans estates.
Supervises other law office employees. Delegates responsibilities. Prices And The Common. Maintains financial records. Searches legal literature stored in computer databases and on CD-ROM. Onrobert. Tracks hours and bill to clients. Works under the direction of lawyers and help them prepare for dr. amanda master's thesis cornell university meetings, hearings and trials. Undertake research projects for essay onrobert poems multiple cases to determine precedent, drafts or completes legal documents and ensure the college others, correct paperwork is filed with the courts within a specific time period. Works directly with clients in a non-advising capacity, such as answering questions, scheduling appointments and frost poems making sure all court requirements are met. Handles other routine tasks, such as processing and essay transcribing documents, entering data, scheduling and essay frost taking dictation are common duties of a legal office assistant. Responsible for handling typical office duties, such as answering phones, managing inventory or performing accounting tasks.
Responsible for essay overseeing the smooth running of HR and administrative tasks for essay onrobert poems the organization Defines job positions for recruitment and managing interviewing process Carries out rising prices and the, staff induction for new team members Responsible for training, evaluation and assessment of onrobert frost poems, employees Responsible for concluding about arranging travel, meetings and appointments Oversees the onrobert, smooth running of the daily office activities. Identifies, prioritizes, and college essay helping others reaches out to new partners, and business opportunities et al Identifies development opportunities; follows up on development leads and contacts; participates in the structuring and onrobert frost poems financing of rising prices common, projects; assures the completion of development projects. Responsible for supervising implementation, advocate for the customer’s needs, and communicate with clients Develops, executes and evaluates new plans for expanding increase sales Documents all customer contact and information Represents the company in strategic meetings Helps increase sales and growth for the company. Essay Onrobert. Responsible for preparing financial reports, budgets, and financial statements for the organization Provides managements with financial analyses, development budgets, and helping others accounting reports; analyzes financial feasibility for the most complex proposed projects; conducts market research to forecast trends and business conditions. Responsible for financial forecasting and risks analysis. Performs cash management, general ledger accounting, and financial reporting for one or more properties. Responsible for developing and managing financial systems and policies Responsible for administering payrolls Ensures compliance with taxation legislation Handles all financial transactions for the company Serves as internal auditor for the company. Receives Visitors / clients on behalf of the organization Receives parcels / documents for frost poems the company Handles enquiries via e-mail and phone calls for essay poems the organization Distributes mails in the organization Handles any other duties as assigned my the line manager. Sample Law Firm Business Plan Template SWOT Analysis.
Jefferson and MacArthur Law Firm, LLP hired the services of a core professional in the area of business consulting and structuring to assist the firm in building a solid law firm that can favorably compete in the highly competitive law industry. Part of frost poems, what the business consultant did was to work with the management of the firm in conducting a SWOT analysis and preparing a law firm marketing plan for Jefferson and rising prices and the MacArthur Law Firm, LLP. Here is a summary from the result of the SWOT analysis that was conducted on essay onrobert frost poems, behalf of Jefferson and MacArthur Law Firm, LLP; Our core strength lies in the power of concluding an essay about myself, our team; our workforce. Essay Frost Poems. We have a team that can go all the way to give our clients value for their money. We are well positioned and we know we will attract loads of clients from the sturgill cornell university, first day we open our doors for business. As a new law firm, it might take some time for our firm to break into the market; that is perhaps our major weakness.
The opportunities in the law industry is massive and we are ready to take advantage of any opportunity that comes our way. Some of the threats that we are likely going to face as a law firm operating in essay poems the United States are unfavorable government policies, and global economic downturn. There are hardly anything we could do as regards these threats other than to be optimistic that things will continue to work for our good. Sample Law Firm Business Plan Template MARKET ANALYSIS. Quite a number of myself, distinct trends have emerged in recent times in the legal industry, which is why law firms are positioning their organizations to survive the onrobert, peaks and troughs of an ailing economy. As a matter of fact, most of these trends aid law firms and organizations to become more creative, competitive, efficient, and productive in a global market. Essay Frost Poems. Some other trends in the legal industry could be attributed to onrobert poems changing demographics, attitudes and work styles. Another trend that is gaining momentum in the legal industry is that clients have the prices common, options of seeking legal assistance from a growing number of non-lawyer professionals such as; paralegal technicians, legal document preparers, legal self-help sites, virtual assistants and offshore legal vendors. As a result of onrobert, this trend, the decisions about how legal services are delivered which include staffing, scheduling, strategies and dr. amanda sturgill master's thesis university most importantly how firms charge for their services – are increasingly being influenced by the clients, and essay frost not by the law firms as it used to be in time past.
No doubt, as the cost of legal services continues to definition increase and as corporate spending falls, new legal delivery methods will continue to emerge and essay onrobert frost gain momentum going forward. In addition, the market for legal services has shifted from white paper research, a sellers#8217; market to frost a buyers#8217; market. Lastly, it is now becoming trendy in the legal industry for smaller law firms to merge with bigger law firms and for bigger law firms to acquire smaller law firms; mergers and acquisitions. Many law firms all over the United States are coming to the conclusion that the bigger the better for prices common them. Onrobert. Although Jefferson and MacArthur Law Firm, LLP will initially serve small to medium sized businesses, from new ventures to well established businesses, but that does not in any way stop us from growing to rising prices and the common man essay be able to compete with the leading law firms in the United States. We hope to someday merge or acquire other law firms and expand our legal services beyond the shores of the United States of America. Onrobert. As a full service business law firm, Jefferson and MacArthur Law Firm, LLP have a variety of practice areas to help startups grow. While we works with a variety of organizations and industries, Jefferson and concluding an essay myself MacArthur Law Firm, LLP will also specialize in working with startups, real estate investors, and contractors, manufacturers and distributors, banks, lending and financial institutions.
Our target market cuts across people of different classes and people from all walks of essay poems, life, local and international organizations as well. We are coming into master's, the industry with a business concept that will enable us work with the highly placed people and onrobert companies in the country and at the same with the lowly placed people and smaller businesses. In other words, our target market is the rising and the common, whole of the essay frost poems, United States of America and subsequently other parts of the world. Below is concluding an essay about myself a list of the people and organizations that we have specifically design our products and essay services for; Banks Businesses and Entrepreneurs Blue Chips Companies Corporate Counsel Manufacturers and Distributors Real Estate Owners, Developers, and Contractors Research and Development Companies Employees Migrants. A close study of the legal industry reveals that the law firm market has become much more intensely competitive over the past seven years.
As a matter of fact, the supply of legal services has significantly exceeded demand. In other to rising prices common man essay position to essay poems take on the market, most law firms have begun to college helping merger or acquire other law firms. Jefferson and MacArthur Law Firm, LLP might be a new entrant into the law industry in onrobert frost poems the United States of America, but the management staffs and board members are considered gurus. They are people who are core professionals and licensed legal practitioners in the US. These are part of what will count as a competitive advantage for us. Lastly, our employees will be well taken care of, and their welfare package will be amongst the best within our category (startups law firm) in the industry meaning that they will be more than willing to build the business with us and help deliver our set goals and achieve all our objectives. Law Firm Business Plan SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY. We are mindful of the fact that there is stiffer competition in the legal market in compare and contrast potter the United States of America; hence we have been able to hire some of the best business developer to handle our sales and frost marketing. Our sales and marketing team will be recruited based on their vast experience in the industry and they will be trained on a regular basis so as to be well equipped to meet their targets and the overall goal of the organization. Definition. We will also ensure that our excellent job deliveries speaks for us in the market place; we want to essay poems build a legal business that will leverage on word of mouth advertisement from satisfied clients (both individuals and organizations). Our goal is to white paper definition research grow our firm to become one of the onrobert frost poems, top 20 law firms in California, which is why we have mapped out strategy that will help us take advantage of the available market and grow to become a major force in the.
Jefferson and MacArthur Law Firm, LLP is onrobert set to make use of the following marketing and sales strategies to frost poems attract clients; Introduce our business by sending introductory letters alongside our brochure to organizations and key individuals in California and other parts of the U.S. And Contrast Harry. Promptness in bidding for legal contracts List our business on yellow pages Attend expos, seminars, and business fairs et al Create different packages for different category of clients in order to work with their budgets and frost poems still deliver quality services to them Leverage on the internet to promote our business Direct marketing Encourage word of prices and the common man essay, mouth marketing. Jefferson and essay poems MacArthur Law Firm, LLP is established with the aim of maximizing the profits in the law industry and we are going to go all the way to ensure that we do all it takes to attract clients on compare and contrast and twilight essay, a regular basis. Jefferson and MacArthur Law Firm, LLP we generate income by offering the following legal services for individuals and for essay onrobert frost poems organizations; Arbitration Mediation Business Formation Business and Commercial Transaction Collections and concluding Credit Matters Commercial Real Estate Construction Corporate Governance and Compliance Creditor’s Rights Employment General Counsel Services Immigration Insurance Real Estate Consultancy and Advisory Services. Essay Poems. As long as there are people living in frost poems the United States of America and business starting and essay growing in rising prices and the the U.S., the services of law firms will always be needed.
We are well positioned to take on the available market in the U.S, and we are quite optimistic that we will meet our set target of onrobert, generating enough income / profits from the first month or operations and grow the business and clientele beyond Oakland, CA to other states in the U.S. and even the dr. amanda sturgill cornell university, global market. We have been able to critically examine the law market and we have analyzed our chances in the industry. We have been able to essay poems come up with the following sales forecast. The sales projection are based on information gathered on paper research, the field and some assumptions that are peculiar to essay poems startups in California. Rising. Below is the sales projection for essay frost poems Jefferson and MacArthur Law Firm, LLP, it is based on the location of others, our law firm and the wide range of legal services that we will be offering; N.B : This projection is onrobert frost done based on what is obtainable in the industry, Hourly billing for legal services is long – time tradition in the industry. However, for some types of work, flat fees make more sense because they allow clients to better predict legal costs.
As a result of this, Jefferson and rising man essay MacArthur Law Firm, LLP will charge our clients a flat fee for many basic services such as; business formation and document drafting and review. At Jefferson and essay onrobert MacArthur Law Firm, LLP we will keep our fees below market rate for all of our clients by keeping our overhead low and by an essay about, collecting payment in essay frost advance. In addition, we will also offer special discounted rates to disadvantaged individuals, nonprofits, cooperatives, and concluding an essay myself small social enterprises. We are aware that there are some clients that would need regular access to legal advice and assistance; we will offer flat rate general counsel services that will be tailored to frost take care of rising prices man essay, such clients’ needs. At Jefferson and MacArthur Law Firm, LLP, our payment policy will be all inclusive because we are quite aware that different people prefer different payment options as it suits them.
Here are the onrobert, payment options that we will make available to our clients; Payment by via bank transfer Payment via online bank transfer Payment via check Payment via bank draft Payment with cash. In view of the above, we have chosen banking platforms that will help us achieve our plans without any itches. Law Firm Business Plan Publicity and Advertising Strategy. We have been able to work with our consultants to help us map out publicity and advertising strategies that will help us walk our way into the heart of essay onrobert frost, our target market. We are set to take the essay onrobert frost poems, law industry by storm which is why we have made provisions for effective publicity and sturgill cornell advertisement of our firm. Below are the platforms we intend to leverage on to promote and advertise our property development business; Place adverts our law firm on both print and electronic media platforms Sponsor relevant TV shows Maximize our firm’s website to promote our business Leverage on the internet and social media platforms like; Instagram, Facebook ,Twitter, LinkedIn, Badoo, Google+ and other platforms (real estate online forums) to promote our business. Offer Pro Bono services as part of our community social responsibility Brand all our official cars. Law Firm Business Plan Financial Projections and Costing.
The Total Fee for incorporating the Business in California: $750. The budget for Liability insurance, permits and license: $5,000 The Amount needed to essay onrobert acquire a suitable Office facility with enough space in Oakland, California for 6 months (Re Construction of the facility inclusive): $50,000. The Cost for equipping the office (computers, printers, fax machines, furniture, telephones, filing cabins, safety gadgets and electronics et al): $15,000 Cost of accounting software, CRM software and Payroll Software $3,000 Other start-up expenses including stationery $1000 Phone and Utilities (gas, sewer, water and electric) deposits ($3,500). Operational cost for the first 3 months (salaries of essay poems, employees, payments of frost poems, bills et al) $40,000 The Cost of Launching our official Website: $600 Additional Expenditure (Business cards, Signage, Adverts and Promotions et al): $5,000. Going by the report from our research and feasibility studies, we will need about $200,000 to set up a law firm in Oakland, California. Generating Funding / Startup Capital for college helping At Jefferson and MacArthur Law Firm, LLP. At Jefferson and MacArthur Law Firm, LLP is going to start as a private business that will be solely owned by Bar Jefferson Carson and family. He will be the sole financial of the firm, but may likely welcome partners pretty much which is why he has decided to restrict the sourcing of essay, his start – up capital to 3 major sources. These are the man essay, areas we intend generating our start up capital;
Generate part of the start – up capital from personal savings Source for essay onrobert poems soft loans from family members and friends Apply for loan from my Bank. N.B: We have been able to generate about $60,000 (Personal savings $40,000 and soft loan from family members $20,000) and we are at rising common, the final stages of obtaining a loan facility of essay poems, $100,000 from our bank. All the helping, papers and frost document has been signed and concluding an essay submitted, the loan has been approved and any moment from now our account will be credited. LAW FIRM BUSINESS GROWTH: Sustainability and Expansion Strategy. It is essay onrobert frost easier for businesses to survive when they have steady flow of business deals / customers patronizing their products and services. We are aware of this which is why we have decided to offer a wide range of legal services. We know that if we continue to deliver excellent legal services, there will be steady from of income for the organization. Our key sustainability and expansion strategy is to ensure that we only hire competent employees, create a conducive working environment and employee benefits for our staff members. In the nearest future, we will explore the options of either merging with other law firms or acquire law firms in order for us to increase our market share.
We know that if we implement our business strategies, we will grow our law business beyond Oakland, California to dr. amanda master's thesis cornell other states in the U.S in record time. Business Name Availability Check: Completed Business Incorporation: Completed Opening of Corporate Bank Accounts various banks in essay onrobert poems the United States: Completed Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed Application and Obtaining Tax Payer’s ID: In Progress Application for business license and permit: Completed Purchase of All form of Insurance for the Business: Completed Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed Generating part of the sturgill, start – up capital from the founder: Completed Applications for Loan from essay frost, our Bankers: In Progress Writing of prices and the common man essay, Business Plan: Completed Drafting of Employee’s Handbook: Completed Drafting of Contract Documents: In Progress Design of onrobert frost poems, The Company’s Logo: Completed Graphic Designs and Printing of Packaging Marketing / Promotional Materials: Completed Recruitment of and contrast harry and twilight, employees: In Progress Purchase of the Needed furniture, office equipment, electronic appliances and facility facelift: In progress Creating Official Website for the Company: In Progress Creating Awareness for the business (Business PR): In Progress Health and Safety and Fire Safety Arrangement: In Progress Establishing business relationship with key players in the industry: In Progress.
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Essay On Robert Frost's Poem
Essay – Medea in Apollonius Rhodius and Euripides. How and why does the characterisation of Medea in Apollonius Rhodius draw on the characterisation of the Euripidean Medea. The Argonautica is the onrobert frost, only surviving Hellenistic epic and extant work of Apollonius Rhodius. Unfortunately little is known about Apollonius’ life, or how he viewed his work, as few extant materials refer to him. Argonautica was written in college essay helping others the third century B.C. and broke from the Hellenistic tradition for short literary works. The epic draws upon onrobert frost poems a long literary and mythological tradition that included Euripides’ Medea . Within scholarship the plays of Euripides are widely considered to be a forerunner of Hellenistic works.
In Argonautica this is particularly clear through the allusions Apollonius draws with his characterisation of Medea. Medea was a popular mythological subject and appeared in many other works such as those of Pindar and Apollodorus. These works are important in respect of the mythological traditions of Medea as they add to the understanding of the development of the myth. However, the focus of this essay will be upon the representations of Medea within Argonautica and concluding an essay about myself Medea and how and why Apollonius draws upon Euripides’ characterisation. The mythology of Medea is very complex due to varying literary traditions. Euripides’ Medea is a particularly well known version of the myth; therefore, the name Medea in essay onrobert frost the minds of many brings forth his image of sturgill master's, a passionate, angry and strong-willed woman. In mythology Medea was not always the woman who murdered her children, as depicted by Euripides. Essay Frost Poems. One variation of the myth tells how Medea may have killed her children by accident. Master's Thesis Cornell University. Another how the people of Corinth murdered them as an frost, act of paper definition, revenge for the murder of their princess.
Apollonius, instead of essay onrobert frost poems, using either of dr. amanda sturgill master's university, these versions of the myth, chose to foreshadow his Argonautica with the events of Euripides’ Medea . However, there are indications Apollonius drew upon other literary influences such as Nausicaa from essay poems Homer’s Odyssey . It will be necessary to briefly consider such influences in order to assess the extent to which they embed themselves within Apollonius’ characterisation of harry and twilight, Medea. Scholarship has taken a keen interest in the representation of Apollonius’ Medea. Essay Onrobert Poems. In particular Hunter considers Medea’s ‘ suffering for love ’ in one section of his work and the intertext between Apollonius and Euripides. On the other hand, Pavlock considers Medea’s passion to be dangerous and uncontrollable. These viewpoints, amongst others, will be given due consideration. Medea is a defining mythological figure and as such it is important to understand how and essay helping why Apollonius draws upon essay onrobert frost poems Euripides. Therefore, this essay will demonstrate that Apollonius, in order to foreshadow his epic, draws upon the characterisation of Euripides’ Medea. This is undertaken through Medea’s rhetorical skills, assistance to Jason and passion whilst also making specific reference to certain images. Furthermore, notwithstanding other influences from epic, it will also be shown that Apollonius uses this characterisation to explore the sturgill master's thesis university, reactions of the Alexandrian audience to the increased personal freedom of women and the psychology of passion. The Medea’s of Euripides and Apollonius.
One of the primary considerations of how Apollonius foreshadows and draws upon the characterisation of Euripides’ Medea is through her rhetorical ability. Apollonius’ Medea is at first quiet in Jason’s presence having been ‘seized by speechless stupor’ due to the arrow of Eros. However, from this point the character develops a rhetorical skill attuned to that of Euripides’ Medea. The dispute between Jason and Medea, following her discovery of the secret negotiations with the Colchian fleet, recalls the couple’s first argument within Euripides’ Medea . In each instance Medea delivers a carefully constructed speech which denounces Jason’s behaviour. Euripides’ Medea commences her speech focusing on the wrongs Jason has committed. Medea then recounts her sacrifices, recalls the oath Jason broke and ends her speech considering what she is to do, calling upon the gods. Apollonius’ Medea starts by questioning what Jason has planned for her.
She then reminds him of essay onrobert frost, his oath, her sacrifices and proceeding to consider what will become of her she calls upon the gods. The chastisement of Jason by Medea evokes and rewrites her agon in Medea . It is particularly noteworthy that Medea’s speech written by Apollonius follows a similar pattern to Euripides’, one an audience familiar with Medea would recognise. This argument can be considered further through the white paper definition research, supplications of Medea in both works. Each of these is intended to ensure Medea’s self-preservation; Circe cleanses her blood guilt, Creon stays her exile and Arete and Aegeus provide protection from her enemies. Onrobert. Apollonius appears to have drawn on Euripides’ characterisation of definition research, Medea as a survivor, able to use her rhetorical skill in onrobert order to secure what she requires. This is drawn out through the language and actions of Medea’s supplications. Each instance is undertaken on her knees putting herself in the appropriate position of respect to the person hearing her request. Furthermore, the language used on each occasion is comparable, ‘Show kindness to me!…Take pity on me…May the immortals grant you both a life of white paper research, fulfilment…children, and the glory of an unravaged city’ Medea declares to Arete. Likewise to Aegeus she states ‘have pity on an unfortunate woman…do not allow me to be cast into exile…may your longing for children be brought to fulfilment…and may you yourself die happy!’. Onrobert Poems. Though Medea does not ask Creon for pity the approach used in supplicating him is similar:
Have no fear…I am not the rising prices and the man essay, kind of person to commit crimes against my rulers…And now I do not begrudge you prosperity. Make your marriage…and may good fortune attend you. The Medea of Apollonius like Euripides understands well the process and requirements of supplication and uses it to her advantage. Medea’s rhetorical skill in Argonautica and desire for self-preservation are the essay onrobert poems, ‘hallmarks of Euripides’ heroine’. Furthermore the specifics of the language used and harry potter and twilight essay description of the supplications within Argonautica parallel that of Euripides’ Medea . This desire for self-preservation becomes very apparent during Medea’s supplication of Jason at the beginning of Argonautica book four. Medea transforms from a woman in distress to a plotter of her brother’s murder, scenes reminiscent of the ruthless and determined woman who commits infanticide in Euripides’ Medea . Medea’s act of infanticide is poems motivated by anger induced by Jason’s betrayal. Thesis University. It is this allusion Apollonius draws upon to onrobert poems prepare the audience for the murder of Apsyrtos. The murder is onrobert frost poems attributed to Medea in Euripides’ Medea .
However, in Argonautica Jason is the murderer with Medea’s role greatly reduced to co-conspirator; Medea requires purification as she is not free from guilt. Apollonius’ use of essay onrobert poems, ????????? (by or at the hearth) for the location of Circe’s purification of Jason and Medea is similar to the phraseology of Euripides. During Jason’s recollection of the murder in Medea he describes the rising prices man essay, location as ‘at the hearth’.Though Medea takes place sometime after Argonautica , through Apollonius’ use of language he foreshadows situations which will occur in the future. The ability to devise brilliant and essay onrobert poems destructive schemes is an intricate part of Medea’s character in both representations. Medea’s name means ‘The Planner’ and this skill is college helping a consistent theme throughout Argonautica and Medea . Essay Onrobert Poems. Medea’s planning secures Jason’s victory in and contrast essay the trials set by Aietes (her father), enables the murder of her brother and removal of Pelias from the throne of essay frost poems, Iolcus. Without Medea’s aid Jason’s story would have ended as it was thought by the Argonauts that Aietes first trial was unachievable. The potion provided by Apollonius’ Medea to Jason protects him during the trial and it is she who lulls the dragon to sleep so that he may seize the fleece. Essay Helping Others. These actions foreshadow Euripides’ Medea who declares to Jason that it was she who saved him from death on two occasions, the trial of the fire-breathing bulls and the dragon.
Apollonius’ decision to have Jason commit the essay frost, murder places the focus on Medea’s ingenuity and concluding myself cunning instead of the act itself. There are subtle differences between the works such as Euripides’ declaration that Medea killed the onrobert poems, dragon whereas Apollonius spares its life. Though this difference exists it is clear that Apollonius was heavily influenced by the elements of Euripides’ story that focus on the aid provided by Medea. It has been suggested that, at such an early stage, Apollonius wanted to college helping others ensure that Medea remained free of violence. However, this difference was likely intended to develop Medea’s character as, within a short time, she begins to reveal her darker side. Medea declares that Jason should not break his oath or, ‘May my Furies drive you straight from your homeland, because of what I have suffered through your heartlessness.
What I say the gods will not leave unaccomplished’. The language is reminiscent of the curses Medea calls upon Jason in Medea . Comparison can also be drawn with the references to Jason as the ‘vilest of onrobert, knaves’, an enemy of the gods and an oath breaker in white paper research Medea , descriptions similarly reflected in Argonautica . Apollonius describes Medea as ‘seething with grim anger’ believing that she is at risk of essay onrobert frost poems, abandonment and requires placating by Jason. Arguably, the anger of Medea prepares the audience for the murder of her brother that follows shortly. Poems. Medea’s anger can be compared to Aietes’ when he discovers Jason’s intention to claim the Golden Fleece. Essay Frost. Medea becomes her father’s daughter and although the murder of Apsyrtos is shocking it is the climax of the sacrifices that led to it. Medea’s anger in dr. amanda sturgill university both works in part results from her sacrifices in order to essay onrobert aid Jason. Medea betrayed her family and dr. amanda sturgill university homeland to runaway with a foreigner who she assists in murdering her brother. The sacrifices are a key feature in Apollonius’ characterisation of Medea and there are clear indications that they are drawn from Euripides’ representation.
Medea sacrificed much out of essay frost, love for Jason. However, the love was not romantic but instead fiery passion influenced by master's cornell university, the gods. The passion induced by Eros is a destructive force that foreshadows the events that take place in Medea . Apollonius describes how Eros’ arrow ‘burned deep in essay onrobert the girl’s heart like a flame’ arousing in Medea a passion for Jason. Comparison can be drawn with the description provided by Euripides of Medea being ‘smitten with love for Jason’. The shooting is described by compare potter and twilight essay, Apollonius in violent terms, Eros ‘fitted the arrow-notch to the bowstring…and shot straight at Medea…the destructive love which crouched unobserved and burnt in Medea’s heart’.
This echoes the essay onrobert frost poems, comments of and the common, Euripides’ chorus who declare that they never want the frost poems, arrow of desire to ‘fly against my heart’ or for Aphrodite to ‘madden my heart with love for a stranger’s bed’. Medea initially under Eros’ influence is very different to Euripides’ characterisation. She is a ‘young, vulnerable girl overwhelmed by love for Jason’. This indicates that Euripides is not the only influence upon college others Apollonius. Frost Poems. There are allusions to Homer and during book three of dr. amanda sturgill master's thesis cornell university, Argonautica it is suggested Apollonius continuously recalls the Phaeacian episode of Odyssey whilst still reminding his audience of Medea . Onrobert. The potential relationship of Odysseus and Nausicaa has been contrasted with the past and future of Jason and Medea. There is a virgin princess who is ready for marriage but Jason like Odysseus will not stay to marry, though he will take Medea with him unlike Odysseus. Furthermore the essay onrobert frost, scene where Medea leaves to meet Jason at Hecate’s temple is considered to imitate Odyssey book six. However, Nausicaa unlike Medea would not ‘betray her own sense of shame, or her family [and] never hesitates to speak freely with Odysseus’.
The Nausicaa story is essay inverted by Apollonius and although there is some influence upon the characterisation of Medea the primary influence is Medea . Apollonius continuously returns to allusions of Jason and Medea’s future. Jason declares ‘may Olympian Zeus himself…witness my oath that I shall make you my lawful wedded wife’. Apollonius uses this line to anticipate Medea’s appeal to the gods in Medea . The nurse recounts how Medea, ‘invokes the mighty assurance of his sworn right hand, and calls the gods to witness the unjust return she is getting’. In turn the oath in Medea becomes an appeal to the oath in Argonautica . Furthermore, though Athena influences Nausicaa by enhancing Odysseus’ appearance she does not experience the harry potter essay, same destructive power of essay onrobert poems, love brought upon Medea by Eros. This is best attested through Medea’s violent state of mind in essay Argonautica where, ‘she longed to set fire to the ship, to destroy everything…and throw herself into the…flames’. Essay Frost Poems. This foreshadows Medea’s consideration as to whether she should set fire to Jason and Glauce’s bridal chamber but also the immolation of Glauce and Creon through the wedding gift.
In both Argonautica and compare essay Medea love is described in terms of a powerful force which has overcome Medea. Essay Frost. Love is dr. amanda sturgill master's described by Euripides as a ‘bane’ and Medea herself as possessing a ‘love-maddened heart’ and having shown ‘more love than sense’. This language brings to mind Apollonius’ description of Medea as having ‘bitter-pain in her heart’ and suffering ‘distress’. Apollonius’ use of language and imagery is very Euripidean. It does not only essay onrobert poems, foreshadow the onrobert frost, events of Medea but also creates links between the characterisations. The use of clothing as part of Medea and Jason’s plot to murder Apsyrtos in Argonautica has drawn keen scholarly interest.
Apollonius’ description of the deception used to lure Apsyrtos to his death is the same as that used by Euripides’ Medea to destroy Glauce. This similarity is essay onrobert poems believed to concluding an essay about be a long held recognition by essay frost, Hunter but can also be considered more broadly within the concluding an essay myself, wider context of Argonautica . Clothing has been identified as an onrobert, important theme throughout as it draws the audience to consider past or future events either within or outside the epic. The description of Medea’s dress bathed in moonlight following the capture of the dr. amanda master's thesis cornell, fleece appears as though it were a wedding dress. This can be considered further as the imagery takes on essay onrobert a frightening aspect foreshadowing the events of Medea’s nuptial clothing gift to Glauce. Comparison can also be drawn between Jason’s celebration at having captured the fleece and the future death of Glauce. When Jason raises the fleece he is described in terms of harry potter essay, a young girl who ‘catches in essay her fine dress the dr. amanda sturgill master's thesis cornell, gleam of the full moon…her heart is delighted at the sight of the lovely radiance’.
This simile whilst emasculating Jason for having won the fleece without risk to himself also brings to mind the image of Glauce putting on Medea’s deadly wedding gift. Onrobert Frost. Glauce is described as ‘arranging her hair in and contrast harry and twilight essay a bright mirror, smiling… [parading] about the room…entranced with the essay frost poems, gifts’. The parallels between the images cannot be ignored. It is clear that Apollonius has seized upon a key incident in Euripides’ tragedy and college essay helping others provided ample connections that foreshadow the future death and poems destruction that Medea will bring to Corinth. Why Euripides’ Medea ? In the years that followed the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C. the college others, Macedonian Empire broke into separate kingdoms ruled by onrobert, his successors. About Myself. During this period life for essay frost poems Apollonius’ Hellenistic audience changed for prices various reasons such as increased migration. Essay Frost Poems. It became more socially acceptable for and contrast harry essay a woman to be educated and to enjoy a public role. Though personal freedom increased there were still limitations on what a woman could do. However, within the essay poems, kingdoms life for definition research women would have varied considerably depending on where they lived and their political class.
Apollonius within Argonautica uses aspects of Medea’s characterisation as a mirror for the societal changes in Alexandria. Medea was first performed in Athens in the fifth century B.C. During this period work and the influence of public opinion would have predominantly kept Athenian women at essay onrobert frost, home. Though some women’s work would have been within the public sphere those who remained at home would have had little freedom. At the beginning of the play, Medea has been fulfilling the role of an Athenian wife, remaining at home looking after it and the children. Onrobert Poems. The majority of evidence of the onrobert poems, lives of Greek women comes from Athens.
However, it is important to be cautious when drawing conclusions on the lives of women in wider Greek society due to the differing natures of each city state. In Medea the idealistic societal structure of Athens is broken down by Medea’s emergence from the home and her challenges towards her former husband in essay onrobert public. Frost Poems. This can be compared with societal changes in others Alexandria as women began to enjoy an increased freedom of movement, particularly in comparison to essay Athens. Medea is an ideal figure to represent such changes in society, achieved through the portrayal of her enjoying the freedom to move around her country unrestricted. Apollonius’ portrait is realistic as although Medea has freedom she is required to have her handmaids accompany her; though under her instruction they leave her to speak with Jason alone. However, it must be noted that there is still a dependency on Aietes and subsequently Jason. Rising. It might be argued that the level of dependency is variable throughout Argonautica ; for example in respect of her marriage.
Medea takes control of some of her own affairs within Argonautica such as her agreement to marry Jason and contracting her own marriage. Frost Poems. Marriage for Greeks within Alexandria would have required the permission of the brides’ father or guardian. Both Jason and college helping others Alkinoos are thought to act as Medea’s guardians. Essay Frost Poems. The former as Medea declares herself his daughter, sister and wife. The latter as he presides over the decision whether or not to return Medea to her father. Neither can actually be considered to have fulfilled the role of guardian as Jason is Medea’s future husband and Alkinoos is not present at the wedding. Rising Prices And The Common. Therefore, the agreement to marry is onrobert frost poems without her father’s consent and the marriage occurs without a guardian present.
Furthermore, the Golden Fleece is considered to represent Medea’s dowry. Medea secured the fleece for Jason and as such can be viewed as having paid her own dowry. The union of Medea and Jason is not representative of an Alexandrian marriage. Greek women, except royalty, were required to use an onrobert, intermediary or guardian for legal and monetary transactions. However, women using the Egyptian or Jewish legal systems could undertake such transactions themselves. There is some papyrus evidence in existence that suggests women were able to undertake private contractual matters in respect of essay frost poems, property and their marriage. Research. The first example is Olympias who contracts her own marriage with her father as legal representative. Another document states that Heraclides took Demetria ‘from her father’ but the contract is essay frost poems indicative that the couple entered into the agreement together.
The contract informs Demetria how she would resolve a breach of contract should she need to. Even though documents such as this exist it cannot be taken that women undertook contractual matters regularly. Apollonius’ portrayal of about myself, Medea indicates a changing attitude towards women and an ‘audience coming to terms with women’s power and privilege’. The influence of wealthy and royal women could be attributed to the development of onrobert frost poems, this class of Alexandrian women. It was particularly important for the privileged of Alexandrian society to prices be highly educated. Arguably the construction of the essay onrobert frost, great library of Alexandria in the third century demonstrates this desire. Apollonius was well-educated as demonstrated through his extensive use of onrobert frost, mythological and essay onrobert frost poems geographical understanding within Argonautica . White. Apollonius assumes his Alexandrian audience would have been aware of the mythological traditions of Medea and Jason and the story told by Euripides.
Given the importance placed upon knowledge by frost, Alexandrian society this assumption is plausible. Medea is described as speechless in harry potter and twilight essay Jason’s presence in the first scene within Aietes palace. However, Medea’s character develops during book three of Argonautica and essay poems she begins to speak freely, challenging Jason and in myself subsequent scenes the Argonauts. Though there is no reference to her education by either Euripides or Apollonius the language used by Medea shows her intellect in both works. There is evidence to suggest greater access to education for women during the Hellenistic period.
The existence of poems, prominent educated women such as Hipparchia a philosopher and Erinna a poetess provide some evidence to support this. Onrobert Frost. Furthermore, epigraphic evidence exists such as the gravestone of a woman from Sardis that states ‘The book shows you were wise’ suggesting she would have been educated. This does not necessarily indicate that all women had access to education but instead implies that educated women were present within Hellenistic society. In some respects society became less restrictive including travel, certain contractual matters and education, but others remained such as the holding of public office. Essay Onrobert. Though there is evidence of one wealthy woman having held a magisterial position true equality was not possible and as such this cannot be considered to have been common.
Apollonius’ draws upon essay onrobert the characterisation of Euripides’ Medea the essay frost, strong-willed woman and devises her story for the developing Alexandrian audience. Medea was refashioned for his Argonautica whilst retaining the abilities of skilled rhetorician, thinker and planner that would have been recognised by his audience. Arguably Apollonius challenged the perspective of women in Alexandrian society through Medea. Medea’s first appearance in college essay helping Argonautica as a love-struck young girl unable to speak to Jason is unrecognisable to the representation of Euripides. Apollonius’ Medea appears more a woman overwhelmed by her first feelings of love. The portrayal of Eros shooting Medea has led to the suggestion of her as a victim of essay onrobert frost, violence.
On the other hand, the about, scene can be viewed ironically as the sorceress becomes subject to poems a spell. Instead of the powerful sorceress Medea is the victim of magic with her prayer to Hecate an attempt to process her feelings. It has been suggested that Apollonius constructed Argonautica as a prequel to Medea . The evidence of Medea’s rhetorical skill, assistance to Jason and white involvement in Apsyrtos’ murder would certainly support such an argument. Essay Poems. The divergence from Euripides arguably exists to enable Medea’s character to develop. Apollonius, in Argonautica , draws upon the complex array of emotions in about myself Medea providing background to the feelings, setting their roots in Medea’s past. The character development of onrobert poems, Medea throughout Argonautica books three and four indicates a progression towards her Corinthian counterpart. The psychology of paper definition, love and passion explored by Apollonius is an important part of Medea’s characterisation that requires particular consideration.
The development of Medea’s passion for frost Jason is undertaken through a dream during which she convinces herself that Jason has come to Colchis in order to marry her. The dream ‘represents an important stage in the awakening of her passion’. Arguably it bridges the gap between the naivety experienced during her first sighting of Jason and strength at their subsequent meeting at Hecate’s temple. Through the compare and contrast harry essay, course of the meeting the love-struck Medea soon gives way to the more familiar characterisation of Euripides. Scholarship has widely recognised that Apollonius’ Medea’s passion becomes extremely dangerous. Essay Onrobert. Pavlock suggests that Apollonius’ association of women with the disruption of social norms and the community is his attempt to reinforce ‘traditional views about excessive passion of the female’.
This is certainly an interesting consideration as the destructive nature of definition, infatuation is widely explored in Athenian drama. Essay. Apollonius, through associating excessive passion with Medea, also draws upon imagery from other plays. In Euripides’ Trojan Women and thesis cornell university Hippolytus Helen and Phaedra’s passions have brought about death and destruction. The argument is noteworthy as Medea, like Helen, leaves with a man she barely knew and, like Phaedra, her actions result in death. Therefore, Argonautica could be interpreted as Apollonius commenting upon the negative effects of excess passion.
Medea’s threat to Jason that she will haunt him as a Fury has been considered to border on madness and foreshadow the violence of the future. However, although it does foreshadow Medea’s violent future, arguably it is not madness as she is a frightened woman, grasping at reasons for Jason to not return her to her father who will punish her. There are indications that Apollonius explored the psychology of women driven by passion with a Euripidean-like sympathy. Essay Frost Poems. Euripides’ Phaedra analyses her passion for Hippolytus going through the possible options to master it; concealment, self-control and death. Furthermore, Artemis’ declaration that Aphrodite is to blame redeems Phaedra.
Likewise, in Euripides’ Helen , it is revealed that Helen would not have left with Paris and was brought to Egypt to protect her chastity. Apollonius adopts a similar analytical approach to Medea, focusing in particular on white paper her psychology whilst also ensuring that she is portrayed in a realistic way. Even though Medea is under Eros’ spell Apollonius explores the realism of essay frost poems, her passion and developing awareness of what is affecting her. The realism can be seen through Medea’s natural response to the sunrise but also her shame at falling in love with a foreign stranger and betraying her family and essay frost country. The sense of essay frost poems, shame bound Greek women to follow their fathers’ instructions. Shame culture was passed down through the ages and prices man essay Argonautica appears as a piece of social commentary upon the culture within Alexandrian society. Within Medea’s monologue she explores her desire but also her cognitive dissonance. The sense of shame that love has brought Medea leads her to consider suicide. Though Medea realises suicide will not release her as she believes she would be mocked anyway; a belief reminiscent of Euripides’ Medea. Essay. Instead of portraying Medea’s passion as being disruptive Apollonius’ analysis focuses upon her emotions and and contrast harry potter and twilight essay decisions. When Jason and Medea first meet the audience know what is to come but at the same time it does not know.
The audience are aware that Medea will provide assistance to Jason and leave with him but they are also presented with her decision making process. Arguably, Apollonius used Medea to examine the psychology of passion. Onrobert Frost Poems. The division in Medea’s personality between naivety and powerful sorceress might be seen as Apollonius’ attempt to explain the future murder of her children. Alternatively Apollonius’ Medea could be looked upon as a sympathetic development of her characterisation akin to master's thesis Euripides. Apollonius explores the emotions of essay poems, love, passion and shame presenting a more realistic portrayal of onrobert, Medea’s past as a prequel to Euripides’ Medea . It has become apparent that Apollonius draws upon the characterisation of the essay onrobert, Euripidean Medea in order to foreshadow the essay, events of Medea . Furthermore, Argonautica is devised as a prequel to Euripides’ Medea through language, imagery and action. There are indications of other influences upon onrobert Medea’s characterisation from tragedy and epic but the primary focus is Medea . Apollonius’ characterisation of college essay helping others, Medea is not limited to how it draws upon her but also why. Argonautica explores the finite increase in onrobert freedom for Alexandrian women and also the psychology of passion. There are constraints on the interpretation of Apollonius’ intentions due to the lack of information about him.
However, despite such limitations it is possible to and contrast and twilight essay draw out the following conclusions. There is a progressive development in Apollonius’ characterisation of Medea that slowly forms into her Euripidean counterpart. This is achieved by essay onrobert poems, drawing upon key aspects of the character created by Euripides, namely Medea’s rhetorical ability and her love of others, Jason. There are echoes of Euripides’ Medea’s ‘fierce nature’ in Apollonius’ description of his Medea who seethes ‘with grim anger’. These aspects are interwoven with the imagery used by Apollonius that allude and essay onrobert foreshadow instances within Medea such as the gift of clothing presented to Apsyrtos echoing the future gift to Glauce.
Apollonius explores the psychology of Medea through the representation of her being passionately and uncontrollably in love. It has been argued that Apollonius is dr. amanda master's cornell university commenting on the dangers of such passion. However, it is essay onrobert poems apparent that his treatment of this subject is compare and twilight sensitive. Medea is shamed by her feelings and behaviour towards Jason to the point of wanting to commit suicide. Medea’s passion though uncontrollable (due to the influence of the gods) is explored in detail by essay poems, Apollonius through her thought processes. Though also considered by Euripides the treatment is brief due to the limitations of a 1418 line play. Apollonius used the length and breadth of an epic to provide a more detailed analysis of concluding an essay, Medea and her actions, presenting a relatively realistic image and prequel to the Alexandrian audience.
Society developed during the Hellenistic period and women enjoyed a limited increase in freedom. Euripides’ Medea, as a strong woman, provided a basis for the exploration of such freedom. Though no reference is essay frost poems made to Medea having had any formal education both characterisations appear educated and confident in their interactions with men. Evidence would suggest that, in this period, there was an increase in the education of women and as such Apollonius took the opportunity to represent this. Apollonius, like many modern day readers, saw something important within Medea and that is rising prices common man essay Medea herself. The fire, passion and strength immortalised by Euripides; Medea is the perfect figure for epic. Argonautica and Medea are exceptional and important works. The former as it is the only surviving Hellenistic epic and the latter as the only extant Athenian drama that deals with the Argonautic cycle. Within the myth of Medea, modern audiences find both a gripping narrative and essay onrobert complexity of the character development.
It is considered by Griffiths that ‘in facing the complexities of Medea’s identity we face the complexities of our own’. Apollonius brought this challenge to the Alexandrian audience through his complex portrayal of Euripides’ Medea. Apollodorus Library – Apollodorus – The Library Loeb Classical Library, Translated by Frazer, J. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1921. An Essay Myself. Perseus Digital Library http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:1999.01.0022 [Accessed: 10th January 2015]. Apollonius Rhodius Argonautica – Jason and onrobert frost poems the Golden Fleece Translated by Hunter, R. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993. Aristophanes Lysistrata – Lysistrata and Other Plays (Revised ed), Translated by university, Sommerstein, A. London: Penguin Books, 2002.
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Euripides Medea – Euripides Loeb Classical Library Vol. 1, Translated by rising and the common, Kovacs, D. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1994. Perseus Digital Library http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:1999.01.0114 [Accessed: 28 December 2014]. Euripides Trojan Women – The Plays of Euripides Vol. 1 , Translated by Coleridge, E. London: George Bell and Sons, 1891. Perseus Digital Library http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0124%3Acard%3D1 [Accessed: 3 January 2015]. Homer Odyssey Translated by Murray, A. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1919. Perseus Digital Library http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:1999.01.0136 [Accessed: 3 January 2015].
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2, April, 1991, pp. Prices And The Common Man Essay. 95-112. Essay Onrobert Frost. Available at: http://www.jstor.org/stable/270231 [Accessed: 1 January 2015]. Bremer, J. ‘Full Moon and onrobert frost Marriage in Apollonius’ Argonautica’ Classical Quarterly , Vol. 37, No. 2, 1987, pp. 423-426. Essay Frost. Available at: http://www.jstor.org/stable/638839 [Accessed: 30 December 2014].
Byre, C. ‘The Killing of Apsyrtus in Apollonius Rhodius’ “Argonautica”’ Phoenix , Vol. 50, No. 1, Spring, 1996, pp. 3-16. White Definition. Available at: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1192677 [Accessed: 30 December 2014]. Campbell, M. Essay Poems. Studies in prices common man essay the Third Book of Apollonius Rhodius’ Argonautica Hildesheim: Georg Olms Verlag, 1983. Campbell, M. A Commentary on Apollonius Rhodius Argonautica III 1-471 Leiden: Brill, 1994. Clare, R. The Path of the Argo Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. Clauss, J. The Best Of The Argonauts : The Redefinition Of The Epic Hero In Book 1 Of Apollonius’s Argonautica Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993. [e-book] Available at: https://search.ebscohost.com/ [Accessed: 30th December 2014]. Clauss, J. ‘Conquest of the Mephistophelian Nausicaa: Medea’s Role in Apollonius’ Redefinition of the Epic Hero’, in essay poems J. Essay Onrobert Frost Poems. Clauss and S. Johnston (ed), Medea Essays on Medea in Myth, Literature, Philosphy and Art Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1997.
DeForest, M. Onrobert Poems. Apollonius’ Argonautica: A Callimachean Epic Leiden: Brill, 1994. Dillon, S. ‘Case Study III: Hellenistic Tanagra Figurines’, in S. Dr. Amanda Sturgill Master's Thesis Cornell University. James and S. Poems. Dillon (eds), A Companion to Women in the Ancient World Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2012, pp. 231-234. [e-book]. Available at: https://www.dawsonera.com/ [Accessed: 11th January 2015]. Dyck, A. ‘On the Way from potter and twilight essay Colchis to Corinth: Medea in Book 4 of the ‘Argonautica’’ Hermes , Vol.
117, No. 4, 1989, pp. 455-470. Available at: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4476720 [Accessed: 7th December 2014]. Fantham, E., Foley, H., Kampen, N., Pomeroy, S and Alan Shapiro, H. Women in poems the Classical World Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994. Fantuzzi, M. and Hunter, R. Tradition And Innovation In Hellenistic Poetry Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. [e-book] Available at: https://search.ebscohost.com/ [Accessed: 31st December 2014]. Feeney, D. The Gods in dr. amanda sturgill Epic: Poets and Critics of the onrobert, Classical Tradition Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991. Foley, J. A Companion To Ancient Epic Malden: Blackwell Publishing, 2005. White Research. [e-book] Available at: https://search.ebscohost.com/ [Accessed: 3rd January 2015].
Fusillo, M. ‘Apollonius Rhodius as “Inventor” of the Interior Monologue’, in T. Papanghelis and A. Rengakos (eds), A Companion to Apollonius Rhodius Leiden: Brill, 2001, pp. 127-146. [e-book]. Available at: https://search.ebscohost.com/ [Accessed: 10th January 2015]. Green, P. Hellenistic History And Culture Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993. [e-book] Available at: https://search.ebscohost.com/ [Accessed: 29th December 2014]. Griffiths, E. Medea London: Routledge, 2006. Gutzwiller, K. A Guide to Hellenistic Literature Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2007. [e-book] Available at: https://search.ebscohost.com/ [Accessed: 31st December 2014]. Hunter, R. ‘Medea’s Flight: The Fourth Book of the Argonautica’ Classical Quarterly , Vol. Poems. 37, No. 1, 1987, pp.
129-139. Available at: http://www.jstor.org/stable/639351 [Accessed: 29th December 2014]. Hunter, R. The Argonautica of Apollonius Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993. Hunter, R. ‘The Poetics of Narrative in the Argonautica’, in T. Papanghelis and A. Rengakos (eds), Brill’s Companion to Apollonius Rhodius (2 nd ed), Leiden: Brill, 2008, pp. 115-146. [e-book] Available at: http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/ [Accessed: 4th January 2015].
Hutchinson, G. Concluding An Essay About. Hellenistic Poetry Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1988. [e-book] Available at: https://search.ebscohost.com/ [Accessed: 29th December 2014]. Kenny, E. Onrobert Poems. ‘“Est deus in nobis … “: Medea meets her Maker’, in T. Papanghelis and A. Rengakos (eds), Brill’s Companion to Apollonius Rhodius (2 nd ed), Leiden: Brill, 2008, pp. 363-386. [e-book] Available at: http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/ [Accessed: 4th January 2015]. Klooster, J. Poetry as Window and Mirror Positing the Poet in Hellenistic Poetry Leiden: Brill, 2011. Knight, V. ‘Apollonius, Argonautica 4.167-70 and Euripides’ Medea’ Classical Quarterly , Vol. 41, No. 1, 1991, pp. 248-250. Essay Others. Available at: http://www.jstor.org/stable/639043 [Accessed: 29th December 2014].
Lefkowitz, M. Essay. ‘Myth and History in the Biography of Apollonius’ in T. Papanghelis and frost A. Rengakos (eds), A Companion to Apollonius Rhodius Leiden: Brill, 2001, pp. 51-72. [e-book]. Available at: https://search.ebscohost.com/ [Accessed: 10th January 2015]. Lefkowitz, M. Essay Onrobert. Women in Greek Myth (2 nd ed) London: Duckworth, 2007. Levin, D. Apollonius’ Argonautica Re-examined Leiden: Brill, 1971. Luschnig, C. Granddaughter of the Sun Leiden: Brill, 2007.
Meyer, D. ‘Apollonius as a Hellenistic Geographer’, in T. Papanghelis and A. Rengakos (eds), A Companion to Apollonius Rhodius Leiden: Brill, 2001, pp. 217-236. [e-book]. Available at: https://search.ebscohost.com/ [Accessed: 10th January 2015]. Parca, M. Sturgill Cornell University. ‘The Women of essay frost poems, Ptolemaic Egypt: The View from Papyrology’ in S. James and S. College Essay Helping Others. Dillon (eds), A Companion to essay onrobert poems Women in the Ancient World Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2012, pp.316-328. [e-book]. Available at: https://www.dawsonera.com/ [Accessed: 11th January 2015]. Pavlock, B. Eros, Imitation, and rising common man essay the Epic Tradition Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1990. Pomeroy, S. Women in Hellenistic Egypt: From Alexander to Cleopatra New York: Schocken Books, 1984. [e-book] Available at: http://www.humanitiesebook.org/ [Accessed: 11th January 2015].
Pomeroy, S. Goddesses, Whores, Wives and Slaves Women in Classical Antiquity (2 nd ed) London: Pimlico, 1994. Rose, A. ‘Clothing Imagery in Apollonius’s “Argonautika”’ Quaderni Urbinati di Cultura Classica , Vol. 21, No. 3, 1985, pp. 29-44. Available at: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20538886 [Accessed: 30th December 2014].
Shipley, G. The Greek World After Alexander 323 – 30 BC London: Routledge, 2000. Thalmann, W. Apollonius of Rhodes and onrobert frost poems the Spaces of Hellenism Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. [e-book] Available at: http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/ [Accessed: 10th January 2015]. Walbank, F. Rising Prices And The Man Essay. The Hellenistic World Glasgow: Fontana Paperbacks, 1981.  Lefkowitz (2001:52) states what is known of Apollonius comes from two scholia about Argonautica , an entry in Suda and an entry on essay frost poems a damaged papyrus ( P.Oxy.1241) .  Gow and white definition research Page (1965:II.251) cited in Klooster (2011:151); Fraser (1972:I.599) cited in Klooster (2011:151); Klooster 2011:151.  Pindar Pythian 4 ; Apollodorus Library 3.13.  Pausanias Description of Greece 2.3.10-1.  Apollonius 4.350-95; Euripides Medea 465-519.
 Euripides Medea 465-519; Apollonius 4.350-95; Hunter, 1993:61; Hunter, 2008:142.  Euripides Medea 292-356, 709-19; Apollonius 4.690-748, 4.1000-28.  Euripides Medea 324, 710; Apollonius 4.695, 4.1029.  Euripides Medea 1040-64.  Euripides Medea 166-7, 1334.  Apollonius 4.415-60, 4.557-62.
 Apollonius 4.713; Knight, 1991:248.  Euripides Medea 475-90; Apollonius 4.358-68.  Apollonius 3.1025-62, 4.123-64.  Euripides Medea 465-8, 493-6.  Hunter, 1993:61; DeForest, 1994:129.
 Apollonius 4.356-7; Euripides Medea 167, 483-4.  Apollonius 3.870-86; Homer Odyssey 6.80-4.  Euripides Medea 379, 1185-95.  Euripides Medea 330, 434, 485.  Hunter, 1987:131; Knight, 1991:249-50; Hunter, 1993:61.  Euripides Medea 945-58; Apollonius 4.421-44.  Rose, 1985:29-44; Knight, 1991:249.  Euripides Medea 1159-66.
 Fantham et al, 1994:140, 163-8; Pomeroy, 1994:120; Shipley, 2000:104-5.  Aristophanes Lysistrata 17-19, 880-1; Luschnig, 2007:7.  Pomeroy, 1994:73, 79-80.  Fantham et al, 1994:69; Blundell, 1995:140.  Euripides Medea 214, 465-519.
 Dillon (2012:231-2) references Hellenistic grave reliefs from Delos that document women who travelled widely.  Apollonius 4.92-8, 4.1128-69.  Apollonius 4.368-9, 1073-109; Byre, 1996:8-9.  Dyck, 1989:458; Luschnig, 2007:14.  Fantham et al, 1994:140.  P.Elephantine 1 translated by Pomeroy, 1984:86-7; Blundell, 1995:199.  P.Giessen I . Onrobert Poems. 2 translated by Rowlandson (1998) cited in essay Parca, 2012:324.  Walbank, 1981:176-7; Meyer, 2001:227-8; Thalmann, 2011:219.  Shipley, 2000:240; Apollonius 1.496-511 (Orpheus’ song of the cosmos); Apollonius 3.980-1007 (Ariadne and Theseus); Apollonius 4.253-93 (Argus and the Pillars of Aea); Clare (2002:125) observes Apollonius attempted to construct a ‘geographically plausible’ return for the Argonauts.  Hunter (1989) cited in essay onrobert frost Clauss, 1993:9; Gutzwiller, 2007:79.  Diogenes Lives of Eminent Philosophers 6.7.96-7; St Jerome Chronicle 203.
 Lefkowitz and Fant (1995) cited in white paper definition research Shipley, 2000:104.  Decree of Priene translated by Burstein (1985:59) states Phile was the first female stephanephoros cited in Fantham et al, 1994:156.  Fantham et al, 1994:169.  Nyberg (1992) cited in Griffiths, 2006:89.  Apollonius 3.467; Clare, 2002:242.  Feeney, 1991:65; Gutzwiller, 2007:79.  Levin, 1971:15; Feeney, 1991:64-5; Lefkowitz, 2007:179.  Euripides Trojan Women 914-1032; Euripides Hippolytus 887-91, 1161-72.  Apollonius 4.385-90; Pavlock, 1990:67.  Euripides Hippolytus 393-430.
 Euripides Hippolytus 1389-1439.  Apollonius 4.413, 1016-7, 1040; Feeney, 1991:80-4.
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Essay: Learning theories – behavioural, social #038; cultural, constructivism, cognitive. Learning is defined as the permanent change in individuals mind, voluntary or involuntary. It occurs through an experience that can bring about a relatively permanent change in an individual’s knowledge or behavior. Behaviorist defines learning as the changes in an individual’s mind resulting in frost poems, a permanent change. It is learning that takes place intentional or unwillingly in white paper definition research, individuals. Cognitive psychologist defines learning as the essay onrobert poems, changes in knowledge that can be an internal mental activity that cannot be observed directly. Learning involves obtaining and modifying knowledge, skills, strategies, beliefs, attitudes and behaviors to understand old or new information. Individuals learn skills from experiences that tend to concluding an essay myself, take the form of social interactions, linguistic or motor skills. Educational professionals define learning as an ‘enduring change in behavior or in the capacity to behave in a given fashion which results from practice or other forms of experience’.
One may ask how does learning happen? Learning happens every day to every individual, it doesn’t only happen in the classrooms, colleges or universities buildings but it can happen anywhere and every day. Learning can occur through interacting with others, observing or simply as just listening to a conversation. Learning happens through experiences good and bad, or ones that can provoke an emotional response or simply offer a moment of frost, revelation. Behaviorist and cognitive theorist believed that learning can be affected by the environment an individual resides but behaviorist focused more on the role of the environment and how the stimuli is presented and arrange and the responses reinforced. Cognitive theorist on the other hand agrees with behaviorist but tend to focus more on the learners abilities, beliefs, values and attitudes.
They believe that learning occurs by concluding an essay about myself, consolidation which is the forming and strengthening of neural connections which include the onrobert poems, factors organization, rehearsal, elaboration and emotional. Learning occurs in many ways, psychologist believe that learning is the key concept of living whether it’s intentional or unintentional which is why they came up with the learning theories. Learning theories are considered theoretical frameworks in describing how information is contain, refined and maintain during learning. Onrobert Poems! Learning is an important activity in the lives of individuals; it is the core of our educational process, even though learning begins out onrobert poems of the classroom. About Myself! For many years psychologist sought to understand what is learning, the nature of it, how is it transpired and onrobert frost, how individuals influence learning in others through teaching and similar endeavors. Paper! Learning theories tend to essay poems, be based on scientific evidence and more valid than personal opinions or experiences. There are five basic types of theories used in educational psychology which are: Behavioral, Cognitive, Social #038; Cultural, and Constructivism. The behavioral approach is the behavior view that generally assumes that the outcome of learning is the change in behavior and definition research, emphasizes the effects of internal events on an individual. In the behaviorist approach, they believed that individuals have no free will, and that the environment an essay onrobert frost individual is place in determines their behavior.
They believe that individuals are born with a clean slate and that behaviors can be learned from the environment. The learning theories from the behaviorists Pavlov, Guthrie and Thorndike have historical importance on learning. Essay! Although they may differ each theory has its own process of forming associations between stimuli and frost, responses. Thorndike believed that responses to essay, stimuli are strengthening when it is followed by a satisfying consequence. Guthrie reasoned that the relation between stimulus and responses is established through pairing. Pavlov, who developed the classical conditioning, demonstrated how stimuli can be conditioned to obtain certain responses while being paired with another stimulus. Poems! The behavior theory is expressed in conditioning theories that explains learning in definition research, the terms of essay frost poems, environmental events but is not the only conditioning theory. B. F. Onrobert Frost Poems! Skinner developed the onrobert frost poems, Operant conditioning; this form of dr. amanda thesis, conditioning is based on the assumptions that the features of the environment serves as cues for essay onrobert frost, responding. He believed that we learn to behave in certain ways as we operate on rising common, the environment. In operant conditioning reinforcement strengthens the responses and essay onrobert poems, increases the likelihood of the occurring when the stimuli are present. The operant conditioning is a three-term contingency that involves the antecedent (stimulus), the behavior (response) and the consequences.
Operant conditioning involves consequences which can determine how individuals respond to environmental cues. Consequences can be either good or bad for compare and contrast and twilight, individuals, it can reinforce behavior that increases it or a reinforcement that decreases behavior. There are other operant conditioners such as generalization, discrimination, primary and secondary reinforcements, reinforcement schedules and the premack principle. Shaping is another form of operant conditioning, it is the process used to alter behavior in individuals. Shaping is the successive approximations which involves the reinforcing progress. It is the complex behaviors that are formed by the linking of simple behaviors in the three-term contingencies. This operant conditioning involves self-regulation which is the process of obtaining an individual stimulus and reinforcement control of themselves. The cognitive theory focuses on the inner activities of the mind. The cognitive theory states that knowledge is learned and frost poems, the changes in knowledge make the changes in behavior possible.
Both the behavioral and cognitive theory believe that reinforcement is important in learning but for different reasons. The behaviorist suggests that reinforcement strengthens responses but cognitive suggest that reinforcement is a source of feedback about what is likely to happen if behaviors are repeated or changed. The cognitive approach suggests an important element in the learning process is the knowledge an individual has towards a situation. Cognitive theorist believe that they information we already know determines what we will perceive, learn, remember and forget. There are three main theorist of the white paper, cognitive development Gestalt, Kohler and Koffka. Gestalt learning theory approach proposes that learning consists of grasping of a structural whole and not just a mechanistic response to a stimulus.
The main concept of his theory was that when we process sensory stimuli we are aware of the poems, configuration or the overall pattern which is the whole. Essay Helping! Kohler theory stated that learning can occur by a ‘sudden comprehension’ as to gradually understanding. This theory could happen without any reinforcement and there will be no need for review, training or investigations. Koffka theory suggested that he supported the fact that animals are can be participants in learning because they are similar to humans in many ways. He believed that there was no such thing as meaningless learning, and that the idea interdependent of onrobert frost, facts was more important than knowing many individual facts. Social #038; Cultural theory.
The social and cultural theory is based on concluding an essay about myself, how individuals functioning are related to cultural, institutional and historical context. Vygotsky was a psychologist in Russia who identified the Social #038; Cultural theory also known as sociocultural theory. The Sociocultural theory is known as the combining theory in psychology because it discussed the onrobert frost poems, important contributions society makes on an individual development and cognitive views of Piaget. The theory suggested that learning occurs between the interactions of people. Lev. Rising Common! Vygotsky believed that Parents, Caregivers, Peers and essay onrobert frost poems, culture played an important in the development of a high order function.
According to Vygotsky ‘Every function is the children cultural development that appears twice: firstly on college helping others, the social level, secondly on frost, an individual level. White Research! In the social cultural theory tends to focus not only on how adults or peers influence learning but how an individual culture can impact how learning takes place. According to Vygotsky children are born with the basic constraints on frost poems, their mind. He believed that each culture provides ‘tools of paper definition, intellectual adaptation’ for each individual. Theses adaptation allows children to use their basic mental ability to adapt to their culture for example a culture may utilized tools to emphasize on memorization strategies. Vygotsky was a brilliant man, he worked along with Piaget in developing the cognitive theory their theories differ in essay frost poems, certain ways. Firstly Piaget theory was basically based on definition research, how children interactions and explorations influenced development, Vygotsky placed greater emphasis on essay, the social factors that influence development. Another difference is the Vygotsky suggested that cognitive development can be different between cultures while Piaget theory suggested the development in universal. There is about myself, one important concept in the sociocultural theory known as the onrobert, zone of proximal.
The Zone of proximal is considered to be the level of independent problem solving and a level of potential development, through problem solving under the guidance of an adult or with peers. It includes the skills that a person cannot understand or perform on their own yet, but is capable of learning with guidance. The constructivism learning theory is defined as how learners or individuals construct knowledge from pervious experiences. Constructivism is often associated with a pedagogic approach that often promote learning or learning by doing. Constructing is known as the meaning for learning because constructivism focuses on the individual thinking about learning.
The constructivist theory argues that individuals can generate knowledge from interactions between experiences and ideas. Essay Onrobert Frost! Constructivism examined the essay frost, interactions between individuals from infancy to white definition, adulthood to essay frost poems, try to comprehend how learning is college essay others, done from experiences and behavior patterns. Essay Frost Poems! The constructivist theory is attributed to Jean Piaget who articulated the mechanisms by stating that knowledge is frost poems, internalized by learners. Piaget stated that through the processes of adaptation the accommodation and assimilation, individuals can construct new knowledge from past experiences. According Piaget theory of constructivism accommodation is the process of an essay frost poems individual reframing one’s mental view of the world and dr. amanda master's thesis cornell, tries to fit in new experiences. Accommodation can be understood when failure leads to learning, as humans if we have an idea that the world works only one way and that way fails us then we will fail. In accommodation we learn from essay poems, our failure or the failures of others. The constructivism theory describes how learning happens whether the individuals learn from essay frost poems, using their experiences to understand information or by just following instructions to construct something. Essay Onrobert Frost Poems! In both cases constructivism suggest that learner construct knowledge from experiences. The constructivism theory tends to be associated with active learning because5 individuals learn from experiences, something that was already did.
Several cognitive psychologists argued that constructivist theories are misleading or can contradict findings. As an white paper educator I can facilitate learning by encouraging my students, helping them to develop to their fullest potential. Frost! As an educator I am compelled to vie and asses learning styles so that I can meet every student needs within the classroom. As an educator I want to college, be able to allow students to learn gradually. I would want my students to thrive academically and socially in and out onrobert frost of the classroom. From my understanding the four learning theories discussed in the paper all contribute to my understanding of learning. Despite all the different theories each theory gave me a new insight on learning occurs in and out of a class, college or university. From Behaviorist perspective view of learning is the dr. amanda master's thesis university, change in behavior and essay poems, emphasis of external events on compare and contrast harry potter and twilight essay, an individual. For example Pavlov experiment in classical conditioning, where he taught dogs to salivate when they hear the essay onrobert frost, tuning of a fork. Compare Harry And Twilight Essay! If we used both conditioning theories with the classrooms can train students to behave and operant in the way they would want them to.
The theory that can be used in Music is the Behaviorist theory, I say this because music is the incorporating of knowledge and feeling. Music sets the atmosphere for an environment for example if a relaxing song is being played at home, that song puts the individual in a relaxing mood , in the behaviorist theory the environment influences the response of an individual so the essay frost, relaxing song will evoke a relaxed response as done in Pavlov experiment of classical conditioning with the dogs that provoke salivating when hearing the tuning of a fork. In music classical conditioning is where students can be conditioned to dr. amanda sturgill thesis cornell university, like or enjoy a piece of music. For example if a classical song is frost, being played that the students don’t know or like the teacher can play it repeatedly so they can get an understanding of it and eventually the essay frost, students will enjoy the music because of the repetition of the song being played. There response to the song might be in the way of essay onrobert frost, moving their bodies, tapping their feet or nodding their head. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Education essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on compare harry potter essay, hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and onrobert frost poems, we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Education work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours.
This Education essay was submitted to essay, us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in frost, your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: Learning theories – behavioural, social #038; cultural, constructivism, cognitive . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/education/essay-learning-theories-behavioural-social-cultural-constructivism-cognitive/ [03-10-17]. If you are the dr. amanda master's cornell, original author of essay frost, this content and no longer wish to essay frost poems, have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal: 13-09-17 - Management strategies on learner discipline 27-05-17 - The challenges of trilingual education in Kazakhstan 24-05-17 - Motivation and speaking skills 03-05-17 - Academic libraries 25-04-17 - Clinical education 18-02-17 - Instructional Simulation 21-12-16 - Motivation of teachers - Teaching foreign languages in Romania – the onrobert, rank of the ESL 11-11-16 - ETHICS FOR LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE (LIS) PROFESSIONALS 26-08-16 - INITIATING IMPROVISATION (USED AND UNUSED MATERIAL) WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF ART EDUCATION PRACTICE. We offer professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service.
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